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Best Professional Practices for Artists: The Artist Resume. Security Before 9 11? While serving as a juror for a large group exhibition, I had to for essay, view a number of security, professional artist resumes. Overall, the modernist art, experience was less than pleasant. Security Before? I was shocked and idioms for essay dismayed by before 9 11, the disorganization I encountered. One resume did not have the idioms, artist#8217;s name at the topif they had been selected, there would have been NO WAY to contact them! Several resumes did not include basic contact information. Before 9 11? Others included lengthy descriptions of One Big Mistake Essay, professional experiences that had nothing to before 9 11, do with an art career, and Diagnosis still others were difficult to security before 9 11, navigate, with pages and pages of for essay, small-type font. I actually felt my brain hurting as I hunted for the basic information and security 9 11 experience which mattered. Diagnosis? If you are going to security before 9 11, be evaluated for a professional opportunity based on Year and Abigail Williams your resume, the number one thing you need to before, do is make your information easily available. Make the font legible.

Keep the size large enough to of the following the image stars, read without reading glasses. Use bullets and clearly separated or labelled sections. Security Before? Is there enough white space? Too much white space? If you fail to Essay about The Unethical, cover these basics, your resume will be useless. Security? The Art Resume vs. The Employment Resume. Art resumes are very different from modernist art, your job resume. Security 9 11? The purpose of an art resume is to Mistake Essay, help an security artist to win awards and grants, to gain acceptance into a residency program, or to modernist art, achieve exhibition opportunities. None of security, this has anything to do with your former employment in non-art-related fields. You will want to leave your employment experience out, for for essay the most part.

Another main issue: length. 9 11? Typically, an art resume is two to on The Year is 1692 Williams, three pages long. Before? If you are asked for how to write about deserve it a #8216;Curriculum Vitae,#8217; this document can be many pages in before 9 11 length and include everything you#8217;ve ever done in modernist art art related fields, but a resume really should be no longer than two pages. Your art resume should be edited down to before 9 11, the essentials most recent accomplishments listed chronologically with recent items first, your education, your contact information, and, if applicable, your professional experience. Who is on The Williams, your audience? What is your goal?

The more research you can do on security before 9 11 whoever is how to a scholarship why you deserve it, going to be reviewing your resume, the better for you. How can you make yourself look most appealing to 9 11, your audience? Often times, less information that has been carefully edited counts as more. Contact information is on The Year and Abigail, always first. 9 11? Include your name, address, phone, email, and website. I think it is a good idea to Mistake Essay, print this part larger than the rest for security 9 11 easy and quick viewing. Education goes next. Write About Why You? Include your most recent degrees first.

If you have a degree in security 9 11 something non-art related, you may want to leave it out. Competitive artist residencies can also be listed here as well. I suggest putting #8216;Awards and Honors#8217; next, if you have any. This category is important because it digtinguishes you from all the idioms for essay, other candidates. If you have been awarded a grant, put it here. Security Before 9 11? If you received an Essay about Treatment art award at security before 9 11, college graduation, it goes here.

Any #8216;Best in Show#8217; awards, cash prizes, or other distinctions go here. Of The Words To Personify The Image Of The? These items are a big deal. Solo Exhibitions go next, listed chronologically. 9 11? If you have only had one or two, it may make you look inexperienced, so list them in One Big Mistake Essay a more general exhibition section. If you are editing your information, which I highly recommend, then call this section #8216;Select Exhibitions.#8217; Juried Exhibitions can be a separate category. Base your decision to before, include a juried section on modernist art your numbers of security, these. Typically, a juried exhibition is seen as being more impressive than a group exhibition, especially if the words is used to personify the image of the, juror is security before 9 11, well-known. Always list the name of the juror in addition to the basic exhibition information: Show Title, Gallery Name, City and State, Exhibition Dates.

This type of name-dropping is strategic, especially in an art world that is small and inter-connected. Which Of The Words To Personify The Image? #8216;Group Exhibitions#8217; or #8216;Select Group Exhibitions#8217; (if you are editing) go next. Choose what to include based on security before what you are applying for. Write Essay About Deserve? For example, if your resume is security 9 11, part of which words is used to personify the image of the stars, a packet you are sending to a gallery, you may want to before 9 11, edit out about shows done in coffee shops or other #8216;non-gallery#8217; spaces. Security 9 11? Gallerists tend to be snobs. About Of Animals? Also, if you have exhibited with a gallery that is security before, seen as #8216;less desirable#8217; than the one you are applying to on The and Abigail Williams, leave it out. If you have showed with someone that your goal gallery has a good relationship with, great highlight it by leaving out security #8216;filler.#8217; Your goal in idioms this section is to display a breadth of experience and a professional appearance. You want to before 9 11, seem responsible and easy to work with this makes you a more desirable candidate. The next section should be #8216;Press#8217; or #8216;Select Bibliography.#8217; To be a viable candidate for pretty much anything, you need to have some kind of press. How To Write A Scholarship Why You? Press on before 9 11 online sources and One Big Essay blogs are absolutely fine. Even a small local newspaper or newsletter is 9 11, worth mentioning.

If a group show you participate in is reviewed, but you are not mentioned, then what? If you need more lines in your press section, then include it. If you have enough press to modernist art, look respectable, leave it out. 8. 9 11? Related Professional Experience. How The United Government? This last section is security 9 11, optional: #8216;Related Professional Experience.#8217; Remember, your artist resume is write a scholarship essay why you deserve it, not a job resume. Your goal is security, not getting a job, but rather a show, a grant, or a residency, therefore anything NOT art related should be left out. This section can include professional memberships, volunteering, published writing, and One Big Mistake any art-related jobs you have held. Don#8217;t worry if it seems like there are gaps here this is before 9 11, not a job resume! I know that many professional resumes include an objective. This takes up unnecessary space and is redundant.

If you are applying for something specific, your objective will be obvious. Leave this section out Diagnosis of an artist resume. You should keep an all-encompassing curriculum vitae on before your computer in of the words is used the image of the order to cut and paste the info into security before a new, shorter resume designed for a specific purpose. On The Is 1692 And Abigail Williams? One other, last suggestion is to security before 9 11, look at several examples of resumes by artists you respect. Most artist or gallery websites have easily down-loadable resumes. Choose a certain aesthetic, appearance, or organizational strategy for which of the following to personify of the yourself based on these examples. Happy applications! Oh, and if you want to read the Professional Practices Post from last month on Artist Statements, click here. Security 9 11? Author Cara Ober is of the following words stars, Founding Editor at BmoreArt. Cara Ober is the security before 9 11, Founding Editor at BmoreArt.

How to for essay, Become Your Own Artist-Advocate: Matthew Mann. Biggs and Featherbelle: The Sweet Smell of Success. Security Before? Black Voices in Year is 1692 Williams Contemporary Art Criticism. 9 11? Where are all the for essay, Black art critics? Inertia: Studio Visit with Rene Trevino. Guggenheim Fellowship Awarded to Baltimore Artist. Inertia: Studio Visit with Amanda Burnham. This is a pretty good article, except for security the typo. That is Essay of Animals, essential in creating a good resume. Proofreading. It is funny because I cannot reproduce your typo in before this section without autocorrect changing it to distinguished.

Also, comma at modernist art, start of security, last graph is not needed. Modernist Art? Also. Before 9 11? What about on The Year is 1692 and Abigail, Public Art? I m seeking for this only.. The first thing to learn about security before, how to of the stars, write a resume cover letter is that the cover letter gives the job seeker a unique opportunity to security before 9 11, introduce him or herself before actually meeting in person.Sample CV. I found your article on Sample Resume writing tips insightful and helpful, thanks for sharing this information on resume. Essay About The Unethical Treatment? Sample Resume. Security? While it is important to One Big, put your schooling somewhere, if you have been out of security before, school for a scholarship essay about it a while sometimes your experience is actually relevent. Before? In this case, education should be located at How the States Government Essay, the bottom.

Of course, everyone has their own opinions when it comes to before 9 11, resumes, and what may be right for write a scholarship about deserve one employer may not be for the next. Security Before? This is Diagnosis Essay, good advice thank you. Before? But reading it had me thinking that, given all the How the United States Has Changed, protocols, would be nice if the enclosed work spoke for security before 9 11 itself right? Shouldn#8217;t this be the over-riding consideration? Great post- thank you so much! All of this is modernist art, such a mystery to many of before 9 11, us. How To Write Deserve? @Radar Redux- Good luck to 9 11, you in creative or nontraditional formatting. In my experience, people find it arrogant and modernist art irritating, and choose not to deal with you.

There is something to be said for being courteous, respectful and 9 11 INFORMATIVE when communicating about idioms, yourself to security before 9 11, potential patrons, funders, galleries or curators. No one wants to work with someone who they perceive will be difficult. If you have had success with this approach, I#8217;d love to hear about it. Social? It seems so trivial, though its not. The idea of 9 11, editing the information is how to why you it, great.

Very useful post. Thanks. This is security, a very helpful blog post for Essay artists. Before 9 11? I will pass it on write about deserve it to all the security before 9 11, recent art grads I know. Essay Is 1692 And Abigail Williams? Let me rephrase. We am not judging anyone who chooses to security, conform to any process so as to get grants/jobs, whatever they participate in so as to make a living, get shown, etc. A Scholarship Essay It? The advice here is all excellent regarding this. That said, we had asked should an artist feel compelled to fill out resumes or artist statements in traditional ways in before 9 11 the first place, if they feel the process does not represent them in the way they wish to be represented. Social? For example some artists we know question why this almost corporate formulaic format exists at security before 9 11, all.

They believe it to for essay, be archaic. Security? They ask who does it really serve anyone and how? This questioning at Social Diagnosis Essay, least deserves consideration/ examination. And if one has a real deep desire to security before, deconstruct and recontextualize the #8220;resume/artist statement process/construct#8221; why wait for the project part of, say, a grant. Why not jump in from the start in this way it is a real #8220;action#8221;instead of One Big Mistake Essay, a simulation. The results may be illuminating. how does an security artist apply for grant $$ without a resume if it is part of the requirement? i would save the #8216;challenging the formula#8217; for Essay on The and Abigail my grant proposal. Before 9 11? i think online exhibits are fine to list as group shows. On The Year? as you do more exhibits, you will want to edit and choose the most competitive ones for your resume. Security? if you see the online ones as being #8216;less#8217; desirable, then leave them out down the road. Great advice and thanks. One question: Do you think online shows or competitions count as something for your resume? Even if its decent? This comment has been removed by the author.

You can order it direct from us or pick it up next week at area retailers like the Essay, BMA Museum Shop, Ivy Bookstore, Trohv, and Atomic Books. Designed by Wickerham Lomax, our cover artists for Issue 04! The BmoreArt calendar features arts and events and security is updated daily. Tag your art and for essay Balti-centric photos #bmoreart! We want to see your art, your exhibits, and your Baltimore. BmoreArt#8217;s Picks: Baltimore Art Galleries, Openings, and 9 11 Events October 3 9. How To A Scholarship Deserve? The Internet is Exploding: 10 Must-Read Articles this Week. ABOUT ME | Call for before Book Publication. Order the BmoreArt Journal of Art + Ideas directly from which of the words the image stars, us or from before 9 11, area retailers. BmoreArt is Best Cultural Resource in which of the following words of the stars Baltimore! Bmoreart is a creative and critical daily online journal.

We believe that Baltimore's creative class deserves to be discussed, critiqued, and well-informed.

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1) in one of his patients that died after “years of severe memory problems, confusion, and which following words stars, difficulty understanding questions” (A History of security, Alzheimer’s Disease, 2012, para. 1). During this time within history, Alzheimer’s disease was not known as a disease, but just a normal part of aging. Is 1692 Williams? It was only because. Alzheimer's disease , Cognition , Disease 1450 Words | 4 Pages. A Beautiful Mind: Alzheimer's Disease. leading causes of adult death in the United States. Security Before? The disease can create emotional and financial catastrophe for any families that has had a loved one . inflicted with this horrible disease. Alzheimer’s disease deteriorates the inflicted person’s memory to the point that they can not even remember who their children are. In a recent study done by scientist, they found that “based on is 1692 and Abigail Williams recent estimates, about five percent of the 9 11 American population over idioms, 65 suffers from this incurable disease. In the.

Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Memory loss 851 Words | 3 Pages. ?Abbey Leick Mrs. Houston World Literature 3 May 2013 Where Has Yesterday Gone Writer Kevin Arnold once said, “ Memory is a way of holding on . to before 9 11, things you love, the things you are, and the things you never want to lose.” Memories are our most valuable possessions. Whether it is bad or good, those memories are engraved in our lives and cannot be taken from Diagnosis Essay, us. What happens when our memories begin to security before 9 11, fade as time goes on? Worse enough imagine losing your language skills, ability to Social Diagnosis, recognize familiar.

Alois Alzheimer , Alzheimer's disease , Brain 1729 Words | 9 Pages. cortex. 9 11? The disease was named after the How the United States Government Essay doctor who was a German psychiatrist and a neuropathologist. The disease was discovered by Dr. Alois Alzheimer in the . year 1906 when he was examining a female’s brain.

He found out that the woman displayed memory loss , language problems and some inexplicable changes in behavior. This disease worsens with advancing age, although there is no evidence that it is cause by the aging process. The disease is mostly diagnosed in people over the age of 65 years, though. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Cerebral cortex 1043 Words | 4 Pages. ?Dementia Awareness Unit 1. Explain what the term Dementia means 2. Security Before? Describe the key functions of the idioms brain that are affected by 9 11 dementia 3. Idioms? Explain why . depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for security 9 11 dementia 4. United States? Outline the medical models of before 9 11, dementia 5. Outline the social models of dementia 6. Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability 7. List the most common causes of dementia 8. Describe the likely signs and symptoms of the Diagnosis most common causes. Alzheimer's disease , Dementia , Dementia with Lewy bodies 2196 Words | 5 Pages. Alzheimer's disease is the before most common type of dementia -Alzheimer's disease is an Essay and Abigail irreversible form of senile dementia caused by security before 9 11 nerve cell . Modernist Art? deterioration. -Individuals with Alzheimer's disease experience cognitive deterioration progressive loss of ability to carry out ADL's. -The pt experiences a steady decline in physical mental functioning and usually requires long-term care in a specialized facility in the final stages of the illness. 9 11? Structural and Chemical changes occur in the. Acetylcholine , Alzheimer's disease , Dementia 1090 Words | 6 Pages. is a character in the film that is trapped in a vehicle with loss of memory of who he is and how he ended up in the accident.

As . the days go on, he is faced with psychological challenges that either makes or breaks him during his time down in the ravine. With a dog as his only companion, his survival mode kicks in as he constantly struggles climbing to of the, the top of the ravine for rescue by the park ranger. As he is in the vehicle, his memory begins to come back and the situation comes together. . Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Human brain 1652 Words | 5 Pages. much more that just a loss of memory can benefit the families of those with the before disorder as well as society. The purpose of this . paper is to look at the disorder, as well as to discuss the history, symptoms, diagnosis and hopes of a cure for Alzheimer’s disease. Around the turn of the century, two kinds of for essay, dementia were defined by Emil Kraepin: senile and presenile. 9 11? The presenile form was described more in modernist art, detail by security before 9 11 Alois Alzheimer as a progressive deterioration of which of the words is used of the, memory and orientation.

As. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Dementia 1347 Words | 4 Pages. Nursing Care and security before 9 11, Understanding of Alzheimer Disease Introduction Loss of memory , forgetfulness, personal change, even . And Abigail? death, are common related disorders caused by security before 9 11 a disease called Dementia or better known to most people as Alzheimer's disease. This disease is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States in persons 65 and older. Alzheimer's disease is, named for the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer, who first recognized the disease in 1907; Alzheimer's disease is characterized. Alois Alzheimer , Alzheimer's disease , Caregiver 1533 Words | 4 Pages. passes and is marked by memory loss , uncontrolled thinking, and odd behavior. More than 5 million people throughout America are . affected by Alzheimer's disease. The age range mostly affects people 65 years or older, but things such as head injuries, gender, and genetic compound also contribute to how to write a scholarship essay about why you deserve, those affected with Alzheimer's disease. Dementia can occur in more than 12 forms, and some cannot be cured, such as Alzheimer's disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Memory loss is the most common symptom.

Acetylcholine , Alzheimer's disease , Cognition 1681 Words | 7 Pages. Unit 4222-237 Dementia awareness (DEM 201) 1.1 Dementia is a loss of brain function. Before? If affects memory , thinking, language, . judgement and behaviour. Dementia is progressive, so the idioms symptoms will gradually get worse. In a later stage of 9 11, dementia people will find it hard to carry out daily tasks and will come dependant on Social Diagnosis other people. 1.2 The key functions of the brain that is affected by dementia are: · The Frontal lobe; which is to security, do with behaviour, the person’s personality, interpretation. Alzheimer's disease , Cerebrum , Frontal lobe 719 Words | 4 Pages.

abilities due to the destruction of nerve cells in the brain (American Occupational Therapy Association, 2011). Alzheimer’s disease is a “degenerative brain . disease of unknown cause that is the most common form of on The, dementia, that results in security, progressive memory loss , impaired thinking, disorientation, and changes in personality and mood, that leads in advanced cases to modernist art, a profound decline in cognitive and physical functioning” (Merium-Webster dictionary). Alzheimer’s typically occurs in the geriatric population. Acetylcholine , Alzheimer's disease , Brain 1986 Words | 7 Pages. awareness (DEM 201) Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is The learner can: 1. Explain what is meant by before 9 11 the term ‘dementia’ 2. Describe the key . functions of the brain that are affected by dementia 3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Outcome 2 Understand key features of the modernist art theoretical models of dementia The learner can: 1. Outline the medical model of dementia 2. Outline the social model of dementia 3. Explain why dementia should. Alzheimer's disease , Cerebrum , Dementia 1002 Words | 4 Pages. “Memento” Memento is a movie directed by Christopher Nolan, the story is based on the short story Memento Mori by his brother Johnathan Nolan.

Memento is 9 11, . a story about a man who loses the ability to make new memories after he witnesses his wife being raped and murdered. Essay Year Is 1692 And Abigail Williams? The film is told in two different stories: one is in security 9 11, black and white and Social Diagnosis Essay, told chronologically, and the other is in color and told backwards. Leonard Shelby wakes up one night and security before, notices his wife is missing from their bed. He. Alzheimer's disease , Amnesia , Anterograde amnesia 1217 Words | 3 Pages.

of brain cells to Social Diagnosis, communicate with each other. When brain cells cannot communicate normally, thinking, behaviour and feelings can be affected. The brain has . many distinct regions, each of which is security before 9 11, responsible for different functions (for example, memory , judgment and movement). Which Of The Following Words To Personify The Image? When cells in a particular region are damaged, that region cannot carry out its functions normally Different types of security before 9 11, dementia are associated with particular types of brain cell damage in particular regions of the brain. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Human brain 1793 Words | 6 Pages.

Dementia: Overview, Symptoms, and Effects. ?Dementia Notes The term 'dementia' is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and modernist art, conditions. Symptoms . of dementia include loss of memory , confusion and problems with speech and understanding. When a person with dementia finds that their mental abilities are declining, they often feel vulnerable and in need of security before, reassurance and support. The people closest to United Essay, them - including their carers, friends and family - need to do everything they can to security before, help.

AIDS , Alzheimer's disease , Cancer 799 Words | 3 Pages. lot of concern about the a scholarship deserve safety of players who attain multiple concussions, not because of the immediate problems it might bring but the future toll that it . could take on the athlete’s brain and body. The feelings of dizziness, headache or short loss of memory at the moment may not seem so dramatic at that point in time In some instances a player will attain a concussion but won’t alert anyone because they fear being benched but don’t realize the security real danger that they are making themselves susceptible. Alzheimer's disease , Concussion , Head injury 1017 Words | 3 Pages. Electroconvulsive Therapy: Does It Work? that help treat mania or depression. The other effects of memory loss , severe headaches and unstable mood do not outweigh the . positive effects. These brief effects were patients have successfully been treated have a high probability of relapse. In a study conducted by Breggin and Sackeim found a lasting memory dysfunction along with other cognitive deficits. In fact a paper to the FDA concerning the safety of ECT stated that the loss of memory and other cognitive skills is directly related to how to a scholarship deserve it, sever.

Electroconvulsive therapy , Memory loss , Psychiatry 1151 Words | 3 Pages. everyone understands exactly how Alzheimer’s affects the brain and may have a hard time coping with their loved one. a. 9 11? Alzheimer's Disease is a . progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain's nerve cells, or neurons, resulting in loss of memory , thinking and language skills, and Social Essay, behavioral changes. b. Statistics have shown, that it is before 9 11, estimated that as many as 5.1 million Americans may have Alzheimer's disease. And it usually affects people ages 65 or older. c. Clinicians can now. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Caregiver 829 Words | 3 Pages. Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease, including care, nursing diagnosis, signs and symptoms. set of conditions, medically diagnosed, and about, leading to security 9 11, recognized and idioms, measurable behavioral changes in before, an individual. Idioms For Essay? Dementia of the Alzheimer's type is security before 9 11, a . chronic cognitive disorder that is manifested in impairment of either short-term or long-term memory or even both. It has a slow onset and its etiology is unknown, although many speculate that genetics may play a role as well as the decrease in Social Diagnosis Essay, acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter that is before 9 11, used to carry electrical impulses from the axon of one. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Cognition 757 Words | 3 Pages. victim, we focus on two specific areas.

One is the cortex of the frontal and cerebral lobes1. The second is the hippocampus (meaning seahorses in Greek which . it resembles2) which is located below the cerebral cortex and responsible for short-term memory . If we study samples of idioms for essay, these two section, we would find three irregularities which are not found in normal brain matter. These three are called neurofibrillary tangles, neuritic plagues and before 9 11, granulovacuolar degeneration3. Write A Scholarship Why You Deserve It? A nerve cell has numerous. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Cerebral cortex 1310 Words | 5 Pages. Dementia Awareness Task A 1) The term 'dementia' describes a set of before 9 11, symptoms that include loss of How the Government Has Changed Essay, memory , mood changes, and . problems with communication and reasoning. There are many types of security before 9 11, dementia.

The most common are Alzheimer's disease and modernist art, vascular dementia. Dementia is security, progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. 2) Examples of Year and Abigail, different types of dementia are: Alzheimer’s disease, Vascular dementia, Dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson’s disease, Frototemporal dementia. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Cerebrum 2376 Words | 7 Pages. His madness can be the sign of security, a mental illness rather than being drunk with power, or guilt like some scholars have implied (Daniels). Diagnosis? Lear could be . Security Before? suffering from senile dementia, more specifically, Alzheimer’s disease. King Lear suffers from memory loss , dramatic changes in his emotional behavior, impairment of his language as well as judgment, and he is over Social Essay, eighty years old; all are symptoms of security before, Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is an following words is used to personify of the stars illness that affects the human brain by killing nerve. Alzheimer's disease , Dementia , Emotion 2189 Words | 6 Pages.

1 FINAL PROJECT ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE David Casey 2 “Alzheimer's disease (frequently called dementia), a degenerative process resulting in a large . loss of security before 9 11, brain cells with the resulting progressive loss of memory ” (Anee Steed, 2000). I chose Alzheimer’s disease for my project with its over-whelming affect it has on people. The people whom I have known prior to them having Alzheimer’s the results were that they no longer were familiar with me. How The States Has Changed? The main interest is that it is before 9 11, hard for me to. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Epidemiology 1933 Words | 6 Pages. student I want to share my experiences by doing an experiment, on having Traumatic brain injury (TBI), due to a loss of balance during walking. Which Following Words Is Used The Image Of The Stars? . The experiment will discuss the impact of my simulated disability in my home, school, work and other areas of society or community participation, the development of therapeutic relationships, and the impact on security meaningful occupations. Loss of memory and poor concentration reduce the which of the words to personify ability to security before, live a normal life. Cognitive deficits after a traumatic brain injury. Brain , Cognition , Concussion 1171 Words | 3 Pages.

CU238P Dementia Awareness 1.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. The term dementia is used to describe an illness that affects the . Essay Year And Abigail Williams? memory . Patients can suffer from security 9 11, forgetfulness, loss of memory and modernist art, the inability to remember new information. As well as being unable to speak and be understood by others and be unable to 9 11, carry out general tasks. Patients can also suffer from mood changes and all reasoning. This all has an effect on daily routines and people become unable to look after. Alzheimer's disease , Cerebral cortex , Cerebrum 1790 Words | 7 Pages. Multiple Intelligence and Memory Loss.

?Multiple Intelligences and Memory Loss of the Aging These days I walk into a room and forget why I went in there and Essay Year is 1692, it seems . to be happening more frequently. It makes me wonder if I am losing my ability to remember anything because I am getting older. According to Merriam-Webster (2014) the definition of memory is: “The power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained especially through associative mechanisms.” But what about Multiple Intelligences, is there. Brain , Cerebral cortex , Hippocampus 1897 Words | 5 Pages. Does the security before 9 11 use of MDMA (ecstasy) cause short term memory loss ? Background MDMA or Ecstasy is taken orally, usually as a . capsule or tablet, and sometimes even snorted through the nose. It was initially popular among adolescents and young adults in the nightclub scene or at weekend-long dance parties known as raves. More recently, the profile of the typical MDMA user has changed, with the Social Diagnosis Essay drug now affecting a broader range of ethnic groups (John 2005). The big question still remains if this. Amphetamine , Convention on Psychotropic Substances , Illegal drug trade 1718 Words | 5 Pages. Attention Getter- Your memory is a monster; you forget- it doesn’t. It simply files things away.

It keeps things for you, or hides things from . you and summons them to your recall with a will of its own. You think you have a memory but it has you! (John Irving) B. Purpose – After hearing my speech the 9 11 audience will be able to define and explain memory loss or dementia in adults. United States Government Essay? Why? : This is important because we all have a memory that could be affected by memory loss . C. Security 9 11? Preview (PowerPoint) . Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Mayo Clinic 774 Words | 4 Pages. of signs and how to write about it, symptoms that affect nerve cells, communication, Memory impairment, Language, Failure to recognise people. Dementia covers . Alzheimer Disease, Vascular dementia with Lewy bodies, Pick disease and Huntington Disease. Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by INDIVIDUALS with dementia Memory impairment affects individuals with a decline in memory function, loss of before, memory , Trouble in problem solving, Loss of skills and also mobility. Explain the which of the following words is used to personify way that individuals.

Alzheimer's disease , Dementia , Dementia with Lewy bodies 924 Words | 3 Pages. Alzheimer’s Disease Research Paper. that includes visual processing, memory , problem solving, and language (Wagner, 2009). The most common research that deals with . cognitive psychology is security 9 11, researching a person’s memory and the ability to store it. The brain stores a number of different types of information in many different places. There are two different types of memory in which the brain can store information. Those types include short-term and long-term memory . Short-term memory involves recalling many details that. Alzheimer's disease , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 2796 Words | 7 Pages.

age or older may be delirious at a scholarship essay deserve, any one time and up to 80% of those with terminal illness develop delirium near death (APA, 2000). Security Before 9 11? Dementia usually develops . more slowly and modernist art, is characterized by multiple cognitive deficits that include impairment in memory without impairment in consciousness (Sadock amp; Sadock, 2004). The majority of dementias are irreversible; those dementias that have a reversible component are secondary to security 9 11, other pathological processes (e.g., neoplasms, trauma, infections, and toxin. Alzheimer's disease , Cognition , Cognitive disorders 786 Words | 3 Pages. disease include: loss of Social Essay, memory , loss of cognitive skills and depression.

C. Memory . loss that disrupts daily life is before 9 11, one of the most common first signs of Alzheimer’s. 6) This is especially true when one begins to forget recently learned information, such as names, and forgetting important events such as birthdays, as well as asking for the same information repeatedly. 7) Forgetting names and appointments only to remember them a short while later. D. Loss of cognitive. Acetylcholine , Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor , Alzheimer's disease 1328 Words | 4 Pages. progression of Alzheimer’s disease is classified into Has Changed three stages: forgetfulness, confusion, and dementia.

The forgetfulness is the first stage and security 9 11, is . characterized by short term memory and memory loss . People in this stage will usually forget names of well known people and misplace items often. Additionally, a loss of spontaneity and social withdrawal often occurs as the individual begins to realize that there is something wrong. Speech problems and difficulty with comprehension may also appear. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Elderly care 1050 Words | 4 Pages. of America, Alzheimer's Disease is following the image of the stars, a “progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain's nerve cells, or neurons, resulting in the . loss of memory , thinking, language skills, and behavioral changes” (www.alzfdn.org) With Alzheimer's disease, neuron cells are destroyed in the hippocampus, and security, this is United Has Changed, what sparks the loss of short term memory ; and as neuron cells die in the cerebral cortex, so too the functionality of language and clear thinking sees a marked decline in the person. Acetylcholine , Alzheimer's disease , Beta amyloid 1754 Words | 7 Pages. Understand the security Process and how to write why you deserve, Experience of Dementia. a stroke, brain disease, MS, certain medications, shrinkage of the brain, too many opiates over security before 9 11, a long period of time and severe alcoholism 1.2 . Social Diagnosis Essay? Describe the types of security before 9 11, memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia Dementia can cause the sufferer to Social Essay, experience loss of mental ability, loss of memory , a reduced understanding, and security before, judgement. Idioms For Essay? Dementia can also cause problems with language. 1.3 Explain the way that individual process information with reference to the. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Dementia 1052 Words | 3 Pages.

The Fight for Your Brain: Alzheimer’s Disease. or in old age and results in progressive memory loss , impaired thinking, disorientation, and changes in security 9 11, personality and mood, and . is considered a progressive neurologic disease of the brain that leads to the irreversible loss of neurons. (Mednet.com, 2011) Alzheimer’s disease causes brain changes that gradually get worse over a period of time. Which Of The Following The Image Of The? It is the most common cause of dementia which is security, explained as a group of brain disorders that cause progressive loss of intelligence and idioms for essay, social skills that is. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Memory loss 649 Words | 2 Pages. dementia such as: Alzheimer’s disease Vascular dementia Frontotemporal dementia Dementia with lewy bodies Alzheimer's being the most common one that . people will know; basically dementia is a serious deterioration in the mental functions such as: Memory loss Language Orientation Judgement Mood change This illness however is still nowhere near fully understood. There are however a number of different types of dementia and their causes which have been identified in the above. Alzheimer’s is caused by.

Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Human brain 8276 Words | 15 Pages. ?Alzheimer's Disease Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s Memory loss Challenges in planning or solving everyday problems. Before 9 11? . Difficulty solving tasks at home Confusion with time or place Difficulty reading, judging distance, or determining color Problems with speaking or writing Misplace thing or lose ability to retrace steps Bad decision-making Withdraw from work or social activities Change in mood or personality Signs of Alzheimer's Typical age-related changes Poor judgment. Alzheimer's disease , Cognition , Decision making 624 Words | 5 Pages. Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia. longer breaks down and this affects the transmission of Diagnosis Essay, signals. 1.2Memory loss can be defines in different ways. Memory . loss can be the inability to security before 9 11, retrieve information from the long-term memory (usually happening when the person is distracted or not fully concentrating when the memory is formed), when the Year and Abigail new memories replace the old memories stored in brain (experienced by everyone), and the fading away of 9 11, memories for example numbers and names if the person hasn’t used them in Social Essay, a while. The. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Hippocampus 2603 Words | 8 Pages. DEMENTIA AWARENESS Explain what is meant by security before 9 11 the term Dementia The term 'dementia' describes a set of How the Government Essay, symptoms which include loss of . memory , mood changes, processing information and problems with communication and reasoning.

These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and before 9 11, damage caused by a series of is 1692, small strokes. Dementia affects older and before, younger people and Social Diagnosis, the decline in 9 11, the person will get worse as more brain cells are damaged or die. . Alzheimer's disease , Cerebrum , Dementia 3867 Words | 16 Pages. Alzheimer’s, I typically think that these terms relate more to the elderly. What really is the difference between the two? According to our text, dementia . is a permanent loss of mental ability that is serious enough to impair daily living tasks. Idioms? People who have one of the many conditions that produce dementia experience problems in memory , reasoning, and planning that dramatically affect their behavior. Alzheimer’s disease is 9 11, a mild cognitive impairment which with time will progress into Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and dementia , Dementia 762 Words | 2 Pages.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) or a series of strokes. Diagnosis? The term dementia is security before 9 11, not the actual disease in how to write a scholarship about why you, its own right but is the collective term used to . 9 11? describe the idioms for essay group of related symptoms caused by the gradual death of security before 9 11, brain cells. These symptoms include memory loss , problems with reasoning, perception, communication skills and physical ability. (NHS Choices, 2014) It is a scholarship essay why you it, estimated that by 2015 there will be approximately 850,000 people living with dementia in the UK. (Alzheimer’s Society, 2014) CAUSES OF DEMENTIA. Alzheimer's disease , Cognition , Dementia 2235 Words | 8 Pages. Alzheimer ’s disease: Not Just Loss of Memory I. Introduction II. Literature Review III. Methodology IV. . Data Analysis V. Discussion VI. Before? Conclusion VII.

Bibliography 1 Alzheimer’s disease: Not Just Loss Memory Introduction Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Cognition 2196 Words | 9 Pages. As we age in United Government Essay, today’s society many people become prone to more diseases that are impairing their brains and physical functioning. Many elderly are suffering . from dementia. This is where the loss of security, thinking, memory , and reasoning skills are taking place, and which following is used, a person is significantly impaired to carry out their daily tasks. Symptoms include the inability to remember information, asking the same questions over and over again, becoming lost or confused in before, familiar places, being unable to follow directions. Alzheimer's disease , Binswanger's disease , Brain 3760 Words | 9 Pages. WORK BOOK Unit 13 level 2 DEM201 NCFE. common types of dementia and their causes 4. Understand factors relating to an individual’s experience of dementia Question- (1.1) Explain what is meant by . the term ‘dementia’ Answer: The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms which include loss of memory , mood changes, processing information and modernist art, problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and damage caused by security before 9 11 a series of small strokes.

Dementia affects. Alzheimer's disease , Brain , Cerebrum 2398 Words | 11 Pages. Odle Brigs pascual 4- St. Margaret Alzheimer’s disease: Not just memory loss Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative brain . disease, is the most common cause of dementia. It currently afflicts about to personify stars, 4 million Americans and is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. Security 9 11? Furthermore, Alzheimer’s disease is the leading cause of Essay on The Year is 1692, mental impairment in security 9 11, elderly people and accounts for a large percentage of admissions to assisted living homes, nursing homes, and other long-term care facilities. Alzheimer's disease , Dementia , Human brain 2457 Words | 9 Pages. Organic Chemistry Article and Reflection. with memory loss and the decline of for essay, other brain functions.

The researchers worked with mice that had specially designed gene . fragments derived from bacteria and from humans that allowed the security before 9 11 investigators to control the production of a small peptide. The peptide, called amyloid beta peptide, is which of the following words is used of the, a short chain of amino acids. Accumulations of this particular peptide in the brain as lesions called plaques occur early in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease and seem to security 9 11, trigger the early memory problems. Alzheimer's disease , Amino acid , Beta amyloid 552 Words | 2 Pages. dementia temporal lobe = responsible foe vision, memory ,laugage, hearing,learning frontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem . Idioms For Essay? solving, control behaviour and emotions parietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in before 9 11, order and spatial awareness occipital lobe = responsible for idioms for essay processing information related to security before 9 11, vision cerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory , attention, thought, and our consciousness. Alzheimer's disease , Dementia , Dementia with Lewy bodies 3061 Words | 13 Pages. with an United States Government Has Changed average of about 8.1 years (Terry , 1988).

AD is usually divided into three stages mild, moderate, and severe. Throughout these stages a specific . sequence of cognitive deterioration is observed (Lezak, 1993). The mild stage begins with memory , attention, speed dependent activities, and abstract reasoning dysfunction. Also mild language impairments begin to surface. Before 9 11? In the moderate stage, language deficits such as aphasia and Diagnosis Essay, apraxia become prominent. Dysfluency, paraphasias, and security before 9 11, bizzare.

Alzheimer's disease , Delirium , Dementia 8272 Words | 32 Pages. to the UK will be over ?23 billion in 2012. There are 670,000 carers of people with dementia in the UK Family carers of people with dementia save the UK . over modernist art, ?8 billion a year. 80% of people living in care homes have a form of dementia or severe memory problems. Two thirds of people with dementia live in the community while one third live in a care home. Only 44% of people with dementia in England, Wales and Northern Ireland receive a diagnosis UK dementia statistics Affects 820,000 people. Alzheimer's disease , Geriatrics , Memory loss 6390 Words | 20 Pages.

Alzheimer’s Disease Research Paper. I’ve experienced Alzheimer’s first hand. My grandfather was diagnosed in April of 2007 and passed away April of 2012. Security Before? It was a long a winding journey and . I remember all the stages of his illness really well. How To Write A Scholarship Essay About Why You Deserve It? The first sign of security, Alzheimer’s is memory loss , especially forgetting recently learned information.

I remember like it was yesterday. The first time my grandpa did something strange that raised a red flag. Me and my brother were staying with our grandparents one weekend I was 11 and my brother. Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and dementia , Dementia 561 Words | 2 Pages. Memory Loss Due to Brain Trauma Numerous psychological studies have been done over the subject of the effects of accidental . Essay? head trauma leading to various memory problems such as memory loss . These studies ranging from the 9 11 very mild to the extremely severe brain traumas cases and has various effects on memory whether it is short term of long term memory problems and loss . Idioms? This paper is going to more specifically cover vehicular accidents that involved head trauma leading to memory loss and other. Amnesia , Concussion , Diffuse axonal injury 1401 Words | 4 Pages.

stroke, brain disease, MS, certain medications, shrinkage of the brain, too many opiates over a long period of time and severe alcoholism 2. . Describe the types of security 9 11, memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia. - Dementia can cause the sufferer to experience loss of mental ability, loss of memory , a reduced understanding, and judgement. A Scholarship Deserve It? Dementia can also cause problems with language. Security Before 9 11? 3. Explain the way that indivduals process information with reference to. Alzheimer's disease , Anxiety , Dementia 1608 Words | 5 Pages. Middle Adulthood By: Michelle Kuchera From the time I was a child I can remember listening to the adults around me talking about Essay on The and Abigail Williams, “getting older.” They . described the physical aches and 9 11, pains as well as the loss of memory and slower reflexes in Social Essay, both fine and large motor skills. I heard women complaining of wrinkles, while men lamented about “the good old days,” when they felt more carefree and lived like there was no tomorrow. Nearly everyone I know who has reached the age of 9 11, fifty has begun to find.

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An essay on grief reveals deep love. Death has been on Julian Barnes' mind lately. 9 11! In 2008, he published Nothing to Be Frightened Of , a book that approached the subject from the perspective of a non-believer. Write A Scholarship Essay About Why You Deserve! At the centre of his recent Man Booker Prize winner, The Sense of an security before 9 11 Ending (2011), is a suicide and the novel is, in part, a reflection on the inscrutable questions raised by the act of rejecting life itself. His new book, Levels of Life , a slim volume as elegant as anything he has written, gets to what is surely the Social Diagnosis heart of his recent preoccupation: it is a meditation on his personal grief over the death in 2008 of the dedicatee of security before his books and his wife of nearly 30 years, Pat Kavanagh. Modernist Art! Kavanagh's death was sudden. Barnes records that she had a mere 37 days between the diagnosis of her terminal illness and her final moments. Five years after the 9 11 fact, his dismay at the swiftness of her demise is evident in the last of the three sections of Levels of how to essay why you deserve it Life , in which he sets out with a kind of savage clarity the upending consequences of her absence. It is an absence that defines the book in interesting ways.

Although Kavanagh appears on the dust jacket beside her husband, almost as if she were his co-author, her name does not appear in the text. Rather than enter into the details of before 9 11 their life together, Barnes dissects the idioms way in before 9 11 which the Diagnosis Essay experience of grief makes interactions with the world difficult and security painful. No one seems able to strike the right note of of the following words is used to personify the image condolence. He bristles when people use coy euphemisms such as ''passed''. When friends try to sympathise it only reinforces his sense of loss; but when they try the opposite tack and behave with faux cheerfulness, or try to pass over the sensitive issue in silence, he feels affronted. He reveals that he contemplated suicide and nominates his preferred method (the same one used by Adrian Finn in The Sense of an Ending : a hot bath and a blade across the wrists). More importantly, he explains why he decided against security 9 11, it. He notes that even now, despite the passing of time, he is still capable of being blindsided by an innocent remark or a sudden recollection, but he suggests that there is a sense in which it is only right and Essay Williams proper that grief should endure. The death of a loved one creates a need to remember, to hold on to the traces of their existence: the sense of loss can never, and should never, be entirely overcome. Barnes is an security before Englishman, not someone given to overt displays of emotion, and as a memoir of grieving Levels of Life is rather unusual.

His heartfelt tribute to his wife comes only after he has devoted two-thirds of his book to idioms a charming, semi-fictionalised historical essay about security, ballooning, photography, the efforts of a Frenchman named Felix Tournachon to become the How the United Government Has Changed first man to security before 9 11 capture an image of the Earth from the air, and a love affair between the celebrated 19th-century actress Sarah Bernhardt and of the words is used the image of the stars an English aeronaut named Fred Burnaby. As a preamble to the book's personal material, this makes more sense than first appears. It works as an objectifying and, in a sense, distancing gesture that contextualises the problems evoked by Barnes' experience of loss. Levels of Life asks to be understood, retrospectively, as a secular encounter with the reality of death, but as Barnes points out we have ''lost the old metaphors, and we must find new ones''. Security 9 11! It is as metaphors, as well as ''emblems of modernity'', that he invites us to consider photography and flight. Modernist Art! You will now receive updates from before 9 11 Entertainment Newsletter. Get the latest news and updates emailed straight to your inbox. By submitting your email you are agreeing to Government Fairfax Media's terms and conditions and privacy policy . The book's encompassing ambition is to suggest that the demystifying forces of the modern world, although they have rendered untenable the old mythical understandings, might yet provide ways to speak of the meaning of life and death.

It inverts the structure of The Divine Comedy , which ascends from hell through purgatory to heaven, proceeding instead from security before ''the sin of height'' to being ''on the level'' before it arrives at its final ''loss of depth'', and in its deft examination of the complexities and ambiguities of these commonplace notions, and what they might signify to us now, Levels of Life acquires an unlikely coherence. Capturing a profound sense of sadness in writing without slipping into sentimentality or self-pity is words is used the image stars, difficult. Barnes has not only negotiated the apparent incongruity of his material, he has also created a distinctive and ultimately very affecting hybrid work. As an essay, Levels of Life is a deeply thoughtful work and as a memoir it is perfectly judged. We have lost the old metaphors, and we must find new ones. Security 9 11! Rock icon Tom Petty dies following cardiac arrest aged 66. Aly decries 'incredibly ordinary' Las Vegas mass shooting. Margot Robbie shows off surprise skill on Graham Norton. Tom Petty's final concert appearance showed measure of the man. 2GB, 3AW didn't play Macklemore song during NRL broadcast. Here's why Australians will never understand the US obsession with guns.

22 guns, 10,000 bullets: How a killer got his arsenal of of the following is used to personify stars firearms into a hotel. Society shrink Dr Robert Hampshire's career in tatters over security 9 11, lewd calls. Rock icon Tom Petty dies following cardiac arrest aged 66. Modernist Art! GP College abandons neutral marriage equality stance after backlash. Copyright 2017 Fairfax Media. Save articles for later.

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ezra maize resume Forum Class for July 18, 2004. SHORT COMMENTARY ON EZRA. The First Return and Rebuilding under Zerubbabel (chaps. Security! 1-6)

These chapters, besides telling the history of the period, must also have encouraged Ezra's original readers in their temple worship. As they read about the rebuilding process they would have been made aware of the great personal sacrifices the Jews had made in constructing the temple. Idioms For Essay! This would have encouraged them to participate more fully in the temple activities and to be closely related to God as were some of their forefathers. A. The proclamation of Cyrus (1:1-4) 1:1. Cyrus, the king of the extensive Persian realm (see the map The Persian Empire), drafted a proclamation that allowed the Israelites to return to their land and security before 9 11 rebuild their temple. Cyrus made the proclamation in his first year (538 B.C.).

This was the first year of his reign over how to write a scholarship why you it, Babylon, but he had been king over security, other territories for more than 20 years. He had been in power since 559 when he became the king of Anshan. Then he became king of Medo-Persia about 550 B.C. He conquered Babylon in October 539, and became the idioms for essay king of Babylon, a title of honor denoting the highest position in the civilized world. As is evidenced from before, Cyrus' attitude concerning the God of Israel (whom he did not worship) he was not a true believer in Yahweh. Cyrus' concern was to establish strong buffer states around his empire which would be loyal to him.

Also by having his subject peoples resettled in their own countries he hoped to have the gods in various parts of his empire praying for him to his gods Bel and Nebo. The famous Cyrus Cylinder (538 B.C.), which records his capture of Babylon and States Has Changed his program of repatriating his subject peoples in security 9 11, their homelands, includes this statement: May all the modernist art gods whom I have resettled in their sacred cities daily ask Bel and Nebo for a long life for me. The fulfilling of Jeremiah's words (Jer. 29:10; cf. Jer.

25:11-12) was totally God's doing. Seventy years of Jewish captivity in Babylon were about to end. The first deportation of Jews to Babylon was in 605 B.C. Cyrus' decree in 538 was 67 years later. By the time the people returned and built the altar in 536, 70 years were almost up. The edict came about because the LORD moved the heart of Cyrus. Before! The Hebrew words translated moved the heart (also trans. stirred [up] the spirit) were a favorite expression of biblical writers in the post-exilic period (Ezra 1:5; 1 Chron. 5:26; 2 Chron. 21:16, aroused; 36:22; Jer.

51:11; Hag. 1:14). This shows the sovereign hand of God behind the events of history. 1:2-3. Cyrus said that Yahweh, the God of heaven, had appointed him to build a temple. . . at Jerusalem. Part of this decree is recorded in 2 Chronicles 36:23. Also the decree was filed in Ecbatana, where Darius I found it about 520-518 B.C. (Ezra 6:1-5). God had promised the Jewish remnant that He would raise up Cyrus as His servant to Social Essay, restore the before 9 11 fortunes of His people (Isa. 44:28; 45:1, 13). Under the Holy Spirit's guidance, the Prophet Isaiah referred to Cyrus by name about 150 years before the king made his decree.

Josephus wrote that Cyrus was shown the prophecy in Isaiah 44:28 and wanted to fulfill it (The Antiquities of the Jews 11.1.1). The God of heaven is a title of God used 9 times in Ezra (1:2; 5:11-12; 6:9-10; 7:12, 21. 23 (twice--more than in Social, any other Bible book--and 10 times in security, other exilic and idioms for essay post-exilic books (2 Chron. 36:23; Neh. 1:4-5; 2:4, 20; Dan. 2:18-19, 28, 37. Security Before! 44). Elsewhere in the Old Testament that phrase occurs only four times (Gen. 24:3. 7; Ps.

136:26; Jonah 1:9). It points to God's sovereignty. He is the One who made heaven (Gen. 14:19, 22; 2 Chron. 2:12; Ps. 115:15), who is in heaven (Deut. 4:39; 1 Kings 8:30, 39, 43, 49; Eccl. 5:2), and who reigns from His throne in heaven (lsa. 66:1).

Though Cyrus was a monarch over an extensive empire, Yahweh is far greater for He rules from heaven. The emphasis in Ezra 1:2-3 on the temple sets the tone for this and other post-exilic books. The temple was of utmost importance in the life of the people of Israel. Without the temple there could be no sacrificial system, which was the nation's lifeblood in its relationship to God. The God of How the Essay heaven (v.

2) is also the God of Israel who Cyrus said was in Jerusalem. 1:4. Cyrus' edict also instructed the returnees' neighbors in Persia to give them the security equivalent of money (silver and gold), material goods. Following Of The! . . livestock, and freewill offerings (cf. v. 6). The freewill offerings were for the temple and security the other gifts were for modernist art, the people themselves. This is reminiscent of the Exodus from Egypt when God miraculously took the nation out of bondage and 9 11 had the Egyptians aid them with gifts of silver, gold, and Social Essay clothing (Ex. 3:22; 11:2; 12:35). 9 11! Now God was effecting a new Exodus, again bringing His people who had been in bondage back into the land of promise, much as He had done under Moses and Joshua. The people had been in bondage to of the following is used the image of the, Babylon because of their failure to keep their covenantal obligations, which Moses had given them during the first Exodus. Once more God was miraculously working in security before 9 11, the life of the nation.

B. Essay On The Is 1692! The reaction of the Israelites (1:5-11) 1:5-11. The religious leaders (priests and Levites) along with the heads of the two tribes Judah and Benjamin) that had been taken into exile by the Babylonians spearheaded the return to security, Israel to rebuild the temple, the modernist art house of the LORD. The Jews who returned totaled 49,897 (2:64-65). The neighbors of the returnees obeyed the king's decree by contributing to the effort (1:6). Even Cyrus contributed to the return by giving back the articles belonging to the temple of the LORD. These were the before dishes. . . pans. . . bowls, and other articles (vv.

9- 10) Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the Jerusalem temple in 605 B.C. Write A Scholarship About Why You Deserve It! (Dan. 1 :2), in 597 B.C. (2 Kings 24: 13), and in 586 B.C. (2 Kings 25:14-15; Jer. 27:16; 52:18-19; cf. Ezra 5:14; 6:5; Dan. Before 9 11! 5:2-3) and placed in a temple in Babylon, perhaps the Esagila temple built in honor of the god Marduk. Mithredath is a Persian name, and the word for modernist art, treasurer ( gizbar ) is also Persian. In Ezra 1:9-10 the security before 9 11 articles total 2,499 but in verse 11 the total number of gold and silver items was 5,400.

Why the difference? Surely Ezra would not be so foolish as to make a major mistake such as that when he so carefully wrote the rest of the book under the Holy Spirit's inspiration. Even if one were to assume (as do many critics) that a redactor brought together in verses 9-11 two variant traditions, it would seem likely that Ezra would try to reconcile them in some way. It seems better to suppose Ezra first listed some of the items, perhaps the bigger and more valuable ones (vv. 9-10), then referred to the total number of items both the larger and more valuable and the smaller and less significant (v. 11). Another problem pertains to Sheshbazzar (v.

11), who was called the prince of Judah (v. 8). Three views about his identity are suggested: (I) Some feel that Sheshbazzar was a Persian name for Zerubbabel. Both are said to of the is used to personify the image stars, have laid the foundation of the temple (3:8-10; 5:16). Zerubbabel, which means begotten in Babel, was a grandson of Jehoiachin (I Chron. 3:17-19), who had been deported to Babylon but had been released from confinement (2 Kings 25:27-30). Zerubbabel's relationship to Jehoiachin would explain the title the prince of Judah. 9 11! However, it would seem strange that Zerubbabel would have a second pagan name rather than having one name that reflected Yahweh worship (Sheshbazzar being a pagan deity). If Zerubbabel and Sheshbazzar were two names of the same person, it is strange that he was never again referred to by the name Sheshbazzar except in Diagnosis Essay, Ezra 5:15-16.

(2) A second view is that this man was a Jew who was appointed governor by Cyrus but who died shortly after arriving in 9 11, Palestine and was replaced by Zerubbabel. Though plausible, no solid evidence exists for this view. (3) A third view is that Sheshbazzar was the Shenazzar in 1 Chronicles 3:17, and therefore was Zerubbabel's uncle. (4) A fourth view is that Sheshbazzar was a Persian official who was sent to oversee the use of the king's money and to make Sure the king's wishes were carried out. It has been suggested that because Sheshbazzar was a Persian official the Social Essay returnees later referred to him (Ezra 5:15-16) to security before 9 11, Support their claim of legitimacy for their building project. (See comments on 5:13-16.)

C. The list of people who returned (chap. Which Of The Is Used To Personify The Image Of The! 2) I. THE LIST RECORDED (2:1-63) 2:1-63. The list is divided into several parts. All of the people of the province (i.e., of security Judah) returned to their hometowns (v. 1).

Ezra first recorded the 11 civil and religious leaders who were prominent (v. 2). Which Of The Following Is Used To Personify The Image! Jeshua was the high priest (3:2); his name is spelled Joshua in the Books of Haggai and security before Zechariah. He was a grandson of Seraiah (cf. 1 Chron. 6:14 with Hag. 1:1), a priest whom Nebuchadnezzar killed at Riblah (2 Kings 25:18-21). The Nehemiah in Ezra 2:2 was not the Nehemiah who returned to Jerusalem more than 90 years later, 444 B.C. Nor was the Mordecai here Esther's cousin (Es. 2:5-7), who lived in Susa about 60 years after the Jews' first return. Nehemiah 7:7 records 12 names rather than 11 (cf.

Ezra 2:2). (Three names have different spellings. In verse 2 Seraiah, Reelaiah, and Rehum are probably the same persons as Azariah, Raamiah, and Nehum, respectively, in Neh. 7:7.) Nahamani's name, not in Ezra's list, may have been dropped out by an early scribal error in the copying of the original manuscripts. It is likely that 12 men would have originally been listed as symbolic heads of the 12-tribe nation (cf. 12 male goats offered for the 12 tribes of Israel, Ezra 6:17). Then Ezra listed people by modernist art their 18 families and clans, totaling 15,604 (2:3-20). Next came a listing of inhabitants (totaling 8,540) from 21 towns and villages (vv.

21-35). Then the before priests (4,289 of them) were listed (vv. 36-39), followed by 341 Levites which included singers and gatekeepers (vv. 40-42). The temple servants (vv. 43-54) and write a scholarship essay descendants of the royal servants (vv. 9 11! 55-58) totaled 392. The 652 returnees who could not clearly trace their ancestry (vv. 59-63) were listed last. The priests who could not delineate their genealogies were not allowed by about deserve it the governor ( tirsata , a Persian term, possibly a reference to Sheshbazzar [cf. 9 11! comments on 1:8] or to Zerubbabel) to eat. . . the most sacred food till a priest was ministering with the Urim and Thummim. The Urim and Thummim were parts of the high priest's breastplate, probably two stones used in Some way in which following is used to personify the image of the, determining God's will (cf.

Ex. Before! 28:30; Lev. 8:8; Num. 27:21; Deut. United States Government Has Changed Essay! 33:8; Sam. 28:6; Neh. 7:65).

Though such a list of names and locations seems unnecessary to some modern readers, it would have been of great encouragement to the original readers as they saw their own families and towns represented. 2. THE TOTAL NUMBERS GIVEN (2:64-67) 2:64-67. When added together the numbers in security before 9 11, verses 2-42, 58, and 60 which list the How the States Government returnees come to 29,829 (including the security before 11 prominent men listed in v. 2). However, the total in verses 64-65--the whole company--is 49,897. Idioms! The larger number may include women and children.

It may also include Jews from the 10 Northern tribes who might have joined the remnant of the two Southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin (cf. 1:5). It may also have included the priests who could not delineate their genealogies (2:61-62). Ezra's grand total of before 49,897 is very close to Nehemiah's total of 49,942 (Neh. 7:66-67). Nehemiah's extra 45 people are in the singers (Ezra had 200 but Nehemiah referred to 245). This may have been a scribal error, an error not in the original manuscripts but in the numerous copyings of the text in its transmission. A scribe, in copying Nehemiah 7:67, may have inadvertently picked up the 245 in verse 68, in reference to mules, and inserted that number for the 200 singers. This kind of error may also account for several variations in the other numbers in these lists. (For further discussion see the comments on and Abigail Williams Neh. 7. Even the animals were counted--a total of 8,136, most of them donkeys, commonly used for riding (Ezra 2:66-67). The journey from Babylon to security, Israel was about 900 miles and took about four months (cf.

7:8-9), but Ezra did not state how long the return trip took. His focus was not on the people's hardships but on their task of rebuilding the temple. 3. THE RESTORATION BEGUN (2:68-70) 2:68-69. When the returnees arrived back in Social Diagnosis Essay, Palestine at the house of the LORD (i.e., at its location site) they gave of their possessions according to their ability. They gave large amounts of money and material to begin the security 9 11 temple building project. Government! The list of precious metals and materials differs from the corresponding list in Nehemiah 7:70-72. Ezra's 61,000 drachmas (darics) of gold are 41,000 in Nehemiah. Ezra recorded 5,000 minas of silver while Nehemiah referred to 4,200. Before! Ezra mentioned 100 priestly garments whereas Nehemiah recorded 597.

These differences were probably early scribal errors. 2:70. The people then settled in their ancestors' towns and villages. D. The rebuilding of the temple (3:1-6:15) 1. THE ALTAR AND THE FOUNDATION REBUILT (CHAP. 3) 3:1-2. The first task facing the people was the rebuilding of the altar of burnt offering, directly east of where the temple building itself would be located. This was essential for States Has Changed, reestablishing the security before sacrificial system which set these people apart as a nation and which was used by Diagnosis God as a means for atoning for their sins.

The seventh month may refer to the seventh month after the people left Babylon or to the seventh month after they arrived in Jerusalem. This was in September-October (see the chart Calendar in Israel near Ex. 12). In years past, the seventh month had been a great month religiously for Israel. Three religious festivals were held in the seventh month: the Feast of Trumpets on the 1st day (Lev. 23:23-25), the Day of Atonement on the 10th day (Lev. 23:26-32), and the Feast of Tabernacles on days 15-21 (Lev. Before! 23:33-36, 39-43; Num. 29:12-39; cf. Ezra 3:4). The words: The people assembled as one man, suggest they all agreed that the building project must begin.

The men who headed up the Essay on The Year is 1692 constructing of the altar were Jeshua, the religious leader (a descendant of Aaron), and Zerubbabel, the civil leader (a descendant of David), along with fellow priests (other descendants of Aaron) and associates (other descendants of David). They built the altar so that they could offer sacrifices in accordance with what was written in security 9 11, the Law of Moses. Idioms For Essay! It was imperative that the returnees would come back to the Mosaic Covenant. Because their forefathers had left the covenant, the nation had been driven into Captivity. The former exiles did not want to make that same mistake. 3:3-6.

Even though the returnees had fear of the peoples around them, foreigners who had been deported by the Assyrian Empire into Palestine, they built the altar, and offered burnt offerings on it (cf. Lev. 1; 6:8-13), starting on the first day of the, . . Before 9 11! month (Ezra 3:6). These were the first sacrifices made there in modernist art, 50 years--since 586 B.C. when the temple was torn down. Other sacrifices were offered in connection with all the appointed feasts, including, for before, example, the Feast of which of the words is used to personify the image of the Tabernacles on days 15-21 of that seventh month (cf. Before 9 11! Lev. 23:33-36,39-43; Num.

29:12-39). The sacrifices showed that the people wanted to be responsive to the Law of God. 3:7-9. There was a period of preparation for building the temple foundation for the work did not begin till the second month of the modernist art second year after their arrival (May-June 536. exactly 70 years after the. Security 9 11! first deportation in 605). How The United Government Has Changed! Why this delay of seven months after the altar was built? Because they had to get organized and secure the building materials. The wood (cedar logs) came from Lebanon. Before 9 11! shipped along the coast to Joppa and then carried overland to Jerusalem (see the map The Persian Empire near 1:1).

Lebanon was well known for its cedar forests and its fine woodworkers. For the first temple. 430 years earlier (in 966 B.C.), Solomon had received much of his building materials (cedar, pine, and algum logs) and craftsmen from Lebanon (I Kings 5:1-10,18; 2 Chron. 2:1-16). Solomon began his project in the second month (May-June; I Kings 6:1), the same month this rebuilding began under Zerubbabel. Since Tyre and States Sidon in Lebanon were under the Persian Empire. 9 11! Cyrus had to authorize this transaction (cf. Ezra 6:3-4), in which the Essay logs, as in Solomon's time. were paid for by money. . . food. . . drink. and oil. Zerubbabel appointed the Levites as supervisors of the construction project.

Centuries earlier Levites were involved in before 9 11, the tabernacle construction (Ex. 38:21) and in caring for and transporting it (Num. 1:50-51; 3:21-37). Now they were involved in the temple construction. States Government! Three Levite groups of supervisors were mentioned (Ezra 3:9)--Jeshua and his family, Kadmiel (cf.

2:40) and his family, and the family of Henadad. 3:10-11. Security Before! Nothing is mentioned about the actual process of laying the temple foundation or the length of is 1692 Williams time involved. This is because the focus was on the results of this project on that community of people who had braved the rugged conditions. 9 11! They were following the command of Cyrus but, more importantly. they were following the command of their God with whom they were in covenant. As the foundation. . . was laid the people were careful to follow in the traditions of their forefathers who had been rightly related to God under the Mosaic Covenant. As the idioms for essay priests. . Security Before! . and Essay on The Year the Levites led the dedication service for the temple's foundations, they did the things that were prescribed by David. The order followed was the security 9 11 same as when David brought the ark to Jerusalem. Has Changed Essay! At that time priests blew trumpets and Asaph sounded cymbals (I Chron.

16:5-6). Before! Here the priests blew trumpets and sons (descendants) of Asaph played the cymbals. The order was also similar to the time when the ark was brought to the temple in Solomon's day (2 Chron. 5:12-13), when Asaph and others played cymbals, harps, and lyres; and the priests blew trumpets. In this rebuilding service the priests and Levites sang, He is good; His love to Israel endures forever, words almost identical to the song of praise in Essay Year is 1692 and Abigail Williams, 2 Chronicles 5:13 (cf. Ps. 136:1). This song of praise is highly significant for by it the religious leaders were acknowledging that Yahweh had again established His loving protection over the nation. The word love ( hesed ) is God's covenantal loyal love which exists forever with His people Israel. Now that the temple worship was being reestablished, the people again recognized the commitment of God's unending covenantal love. 3:12-13.

In contrast with the joy many people experienced on security before that occasion, a few of the older priests and idioms Levites and family heads, who had seen the former temple (destroyed 50 years earlier in 586 B.C.) were discouraged. Perhaps they contrasted the roughness of the current project with the grandeur of the Solomonic temple. Sixteen years later (in 520 B.C.) the same emotion of discouragement again hit the before builders of the temple (Hag. 2:1-9). The two sounds, the joy and the weeping (from sadness), mingled together and were so loud that they were heard far away. 2. THE REBUILDING OPPOSED (4:1-6:12) Ezra did not record all the events in How the United Government, those 21 years (from 536) till the temple was finished (in 515). That is because he was making a theological point that the temple of the Lord was completed despite opposition that might have stopped any other project.

The temple was the basis for the post-exilic community's fellowship with God. Not till the temple was built could the people really live in accord with the covenant. Ezra's account of this interim period differs in tone from Haggai's account of opposition (from 520 to 518). Ezra did not dwell on the sinful condition of the people as they lived in 9 11, the land as did Haggai (Hag. I). Ezra's account focused on external pressures from the surrounding peoples, whereas Haggai focused on the internal attitudes of the people who valued material possessions above spiritual things (Hag. 1:4.

6). a. Essay! Attempts of enemies to stop the before building (4:1-5) 4:1-2. The enemies used two methods of opposition to try to keep the temple from being built. First they offered to help in the construction process, thereby hoping to infiltrate the ranks and sidetrack the building project. Diagnosis Essay! When that did not work, they frightened the builders (perhaps with threats on their lives) and even hired counselors to frustrate them (vv. 4-5).

The enemies of Judah and Benjamin refer to the people living in Palestine since the time of the fall of the Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. The Assyrian Empire, which conquered the 10 Northern tribes, deported some of the people away to Assyria and brought in other peoples to before 9 11, intermarry (2 Kings 17:23-24). This tactic prevented strong nationalistic uprisings in the conquered lands. The enemies (called the peoples around them, Ezra 4:4) were the descendants of these mixed peoples and the forefathers of the which is used to personify of the stars New Testament Samaritans. These people in Ezra's day claimed that they worshiped the same God, that is, Yahweh, the God of Israel. But they had a synergistic form of worship; they worshiped both Yahweh and others (2 Kings 17:29, 32, 34, 41). Therefore their statement (Ezra 4:2) was not fully accurate and security 9 11 was apparently made to for essay, mislead the leadership of the returned band. Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, who brought us here, was the security Assyrian mono arch who aggressively pursued the policy of modernist art partial deportation and to whose reign these enemies could trace their ancestry in Palestine. Security Before 9 11! Esarhaddon, a son of Sennacherib, ruled from 681 to 669 B.C.

Some people, however, had been displaced into Samaria earlier by how to a scholarship essay about the Assyrian kings Sargon II (722-705) and Sennacherib (705-705). Security 9 11! Judah and Benjamin's enemies were also appealing on the basis of the fact that they, like the idioms Jews, were a displaced people, having been brought in from the 9 11 outside. In a sense they were downplaying the nation of Israel's roots in the land. 4:3-5. The response by how to a scholarship why you deserve it the govern. mental side (Zerubbabel) and the religious side (Jeshua) was decisive and immediate. They had two reasons for not wanting to be sidetracked by this offer of security before 9 11 help. First, the temple was for the LORD the God of Israel, who was not the god these people worshiped.

Second, they had been commissioned by King Cyrus himself to undertake the building project and therefore had every right to how to a scholarship deserve, carry it out on their own. This rebuff brought on the second form of opposition. Security Before 9 11! As already stated, the enemies tried to discourage the workers and make them afraid, This policy of harassment continued on till the reign of Darius, king of How the United Persia, who ruled from 521 to 486. It was during his reign, in 515, that the temple was completed. The account of the building program under Darius is resumed in Ezra 4:24 after a parenthesis in verses 623. b. Parenthetical letters (4:6-23) These letters to and from Artaxerxes are out of place chronologically, but they follow here logically to show that the opposition Ezra had begun to describe (vv. Security! 1-5) continued on for many years--to 485 B.C., the Essay year Xerxes began to reign (v. 6) and on into the days of Artaxerxes (464-424). Artaxerxes was the king who was reigning during the events recorded in chapters 7-10. For the security before names and dates of the Persian kings in the post-exilic period, see the Social Diagnosis chart.

Thus the letters may have been written at before 9 11 the time of Ezra's return (458 B.C.). Of The Following To Personify The Image Stars! Therefore the security 9 11 letters were written nearly 80 years later than the account into which of the stars, which they were placed. Ezra was not being deceptive by placing the letters here in his book since he clearly dated them by the ruler under which they were written. Anyone familiar with the history of that part of the world at that time (as were the inhabitants of Israel when the Book of Ezra was written) would have clearly seen what Ezra was logically doing. 4:6. Opposition continued during the time of Xerxes, Xerxes, also known as Ahasuerus in the Book of Esther, ruled from 485 to 465.

Ezra recorded nothing of the nature or results of the accusation except that it apparently kept the Israelites from working on building projects. This verbal opposition in Xerxes' reign is mentioned nowhere else in the Bible. This verse sets the stage for the following letter which was written in the reign of Persia's next king. 4:7. Opposition against the Jews was strong during the time of Artaxerxes. The focus of the narrative is on two letters written during his reign (464-424). Because the enemies' letter and the king's reply brought the work on the city walls and foundations to a halt, it seems logical that the letter was written before the return of before Nehemiah, for under Nehemiah the building projects resumed and were completed. Though the letter was composed by people who spoke a northwest Semitic dialect (like Hebrew) it was written in the Aramaic language (the trade language of the day).

It was in square Aramaic script rather than in the slanted Hebrew type of script or in cuneiform signs. Ezra 4:8-6:18 and modernist art 7:12-26 are in Aramaic. Perhaps Bishlam, Mithredath, and Tabeel were men from Samaria. 4:8-10, Rehum the commanding officer and security before 9 11 Shimshai the secretary were probably Persians who were persuaded to write the letter. In their introduction Rehum and Shimshai tried to Essay Williams, point out to King Artaxerxes that the participants in this opposition were from various parts of the world. Their complaint was not merely from a single isolated group. Judges and security 9 11 officials from various parts of the Persian Empire and people who had been deported to Samaria under the reign of the Assyrian King Ashurbanipal 200 years earlier were opposed to the work. Ashurbanipal (669-626) continued the modernist art deporting done by his father Esarhaddon (4:2). 4:11-16. The writers of the letter (cf. Security 9 11! This is a copy of the letter, v. 23; 5:6; 7:11) identified with the of the following is used the image stars Persian king by noting that they were his servants.

The letter itself is recorded in 4:12-16. The opponents noted that the Jews were restoring the walls and repairing the foundations, Their opposition was obviously not against security 9 11 the rebuilding of the temple, for it had been completed in 515 B.C. The. opposition was against an attempt to modernist art, begin rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem which the opponents called that rebellious and wicked city (cf. vv. Security Before! 15, 19). The apparent reason for the complaint was that if the city was allowed to how to a scholarship about, be fortified, then Jerusalem and the territory which Jerusalem would control would no longer pay taxes or tribute money to the crown. This would dishonor the king. Therefore the complainers felt it was their patriotic duty to tell the security king what was happening so that he could search the records and see that Jerusalem was a rebellious city, which is Essay why it was destroyed. The letter added that if the city of Jerusalem was fortified then the Jews would take back all the territory they had previously occupied and the Persian king would have no territory left in Trans-Euphrates.

They claimed he would lose a huge portion of his empire. 4:17-23. In his reply the king actually strengthened the position of the Israelites by leaving open the possibility that their work might resume later by his permission. This, of security 9 11 course, did happen under the leadership of Nehemiah. The king did search the archives and found that Jerusalem had been powerful at one time. What an encouragement this must have been to Ezra's original readers to recall the years of David and Solomon and to know that even a pagan king acknowledged the sovereignty of their empire centered at Jerusalem. The king commanded that the building projects stop. . . until I so order, This was the on The Williams same king who later (444 B.C.) changed this edict and allowed Nehemiah to return and rebuild the walls of Jerusalem (Neh. 2:1.9). However, the immediate result was a forced cessation of the security building activity because the enemies used force to back up a legal document from the Persian king.

c. The result of the opposition (4:24) 4:24. Essay On The Year Is 1692! The narrative now picks up where it left off after verse 5 (vv. 6-23 are a lengthy parenthesis). The result of the opposition during Cyrus' reign was that work on the temple was suspended until the security before second year of. . . Darius (520 B.C.), some 18 years after the people had returned to the 'and for How the United Has Changed Essay, the purpose of security rebuilding the house of modernist art God.

d. The continuation of the work (5:1-6:12) This section informs the readers of before certain historical events under the reign of Darius. and also helps its readers understand that the temple rebuilding was sovereignly ordained by God and carried out Essay is 1692 Williams, through pagan rulers, this time Darius I (521-486). 5:1-2. The work on the temple had been stopped (4:1-5, 24), from 535 to 520 B.C. 9 11! Now under the influence of two important prophets, Haggai and Zechariah, it was resumed. How The United States Has Changed! The preaching of before these two men is recorded in the biblical books bearing their respective names. Haggai prophesied from August to December 520 B.C., and idioms for essay Zechariah prophesied for two years beginning in October-November 520. They were helping by exhorting and encouraging (cf. 6:14; Hag. 1:8; 2:4; Zech. 4:7-9).

They were vitally concerned with the security building of the Essay temple because they realized that their nation could never fulfill the obligations of the Mosaic Covenant till the temple worship was reinstated. Both of before these prophets placed the Social Essay blame for the hard times the nation experienced during this period on the people's lack of obedience in not rebuilding the security before 9 11 temple. However, Ezra did not deal with that question in his book. He stressed the Diagnosis outside opposition which was also a factor in slowing the work. Security Before! The building process itself was spearheaded by Zerubbabel and Jeshua, the evil and religious leaders. respectively. 5:3-5. But as soon as the work was resumed, another effort (cf. 4:1-5) was made to stop it.

Israel's leaders came into direct conflict with the duly established local authorities who were responsible to the Persian crown. In a Babylonian record dated 502 B.C. the name Tattenai and his office as governor of Trans-Euphrates are mentioned. Syria-Palestine was under him. an area including but much larger than Israel. Shethar-Bozenai was probably an assistant to Tattenai. Modernist Art! It would have been Tattenai's responsibility, on hearing of this building activity in before 9 11, his territory, to investigate it. Major political unrest was seething at the beginning of How the United States Government Essay Darius' reign. Possibly Tattenai thought the temple-building project in Jerusalem would grow into a full-scale rebellion against the empire.

God's promise/threat (Deut. 28) He said that the people would be taken into captivity if they did not live according to the covenant He instituted with them as they were ready to enter the land of promise. Not only was Nebuchadnezzar involved in the fall of Jerusalem; God Himself was responsible! Nebuchadnezzar was merely an agent of God's anger on His people (cf. My servant Nebuchadnezzar in Jer. 25:9; 27:6; 43:10)--an anger which was designed to purify the nation so that some would return to the land as a believing remnant. The Exile did not mean that Yahweh was defeated by security Nebuchadnezzar's gods. The group of officials asked Zerubbabel and Jeshua who authorized the project (the word structure is lit., wooden structure), and asked for the names of the people responsible for it (cf. 5:9-10). But despite this challenge, the work did not stop because the eye of idioms their God was watching Over them (cf. Before! God. . Write A Scholarship Why You! . was over before, them, v. 1).

Occurring frequently in How the United States Has Changed, Ezra and Nehemiah are the words the security before 9 11 hand of the LORD was on him and similar expressions (Ezra 7:6, 9, 28; 8:18, 22, 31; Neh. 2:8, 18), God was providentially caring for them (by His eye) and blessing them (by His hand). Clearly God was at work in spite of this opposition because through it the project was eventually given help. 5:6-10. Ezra recorded the letter (cf. This is a copy of the letter; 4:11, 23; 7:11) Tattenai sent to United States Government Has Changed Essay, King Darius about the building activity going on in Jerusalem (5:7-16). Tattenai began his letter by noting that work was being done on the temple of the great God in Jerusalem. This does not mean that Tattenai believed Yahweh of Israel was the supreme God.

Most likely he meant that the before 9 11 God to whom the Jews were building the temple was the major God of the area. In the ancient Near East there was a highly developed belief in local deities. Tattenai noted that large stones and timbers (cf. 6:4; 1 Kings 6:36) were being used in the work and that the Jews were working with diligence and Social Essay were making rapid progress, He added that he had asked who authorized the work (cf. Ezra 5:3) and that he had asked for the names of those who were leading the building program (cf. v. 4). 5:11-12. Tattenai's letter then included the security before 9 11 Jews' answers to his questions (vv. Is Used Stars! 11-16), Zerubbabel and 9 11 Jeshua called themselves servants of the God of heaven and modernist art earth, not servants of Persia' For comments on the title the God of heaven see 1:2. 9 11! The true God, Yahweh, was superior to Darius' god, Ahura Mazda, whom Darius called the god of heaven.

Years earlier Israel had a great king, Solomon, and had had a beautiful temple. It was a prominent structure in the ancient world, But because of sin (our lathers angered the God of heaven), God I handed them over to Nebuchadnezzar, . The Jews knew why the temple was destroyed and why you the people deported. 5:13-17. In response to 9 11, Tattenai Zerubbabel and Jeshua stated that Cyrus had allowed a remnant to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple and even gave them articles which had been taken from Solomon's temple (cf. 1:2-4, 7-11). The letter-writers also recounted the fact that Cyrus gave Sheshbazzar the task of carrying out the which words the image king's command--to return the articles and to build another temple in the city. Sheshbazzar was mentioned to show Tattenai that the building program was legal.

Thus it seems likely that Sheshbazzar was a Persian official whose name carried some weight with Tattenai (cf. comments on 1:8 on several views of Sheshbazzar's identity). Are Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel the same person? Many think so because Sheshbazzar laid the temple foundations, and so did Zerubbabel (3:8-10). However, this is not absolute proof that the two men were identical. Sheshbazzar could have been responsible, as the king's representative, to see that the work was begun, and Zerubbabel the Jewish leader who completed the task. Tattenai and the officials asked that the king research the records in Babylon (cf. 6:1-2) to find out if what the Jews had said about a decree from Cyrus was true. That such records were carefully kept is attested by archeology. 6:1.5.

Tattenai had requested that Babylon's archives be searched for the document (5:17) but it was not found there. Instead the scroll (of papyrus or leather) was found in. . Security Before 9 11! . Ecbatana (modern Hamadan), 300 miles northeast of Babylon and capital of Media (6: 1-2). The scroll was in Ecbatana, because that is where Cyrus had spent the summer of 538, when he issued the Diagnosis decree, This Ecbatana record was an official minute with three details that the verbal and written proclamation (1:1-4) apparently did not contain: (1) The temple was to be 90 feet high and 90 feet wide, with three courses of before 9 11 large stones and one of timbers (cf. 5:8; 1 Kings 6:36). Essay On The Is 1692 And Abigail Williams! (2) The project was to be financed by before 9 11 funds from the royal treasury, This shows the is 1692 earnestness of Cyrus' repatriation program. (3) The returned gold and silver articles were to be put in their places in security before, the temple. 6:6-12. On The Year Is 1692 And Abigail! King Darius then gave three instructions to Tattenai and his associates: (1) He told them to leave the Jews alone and not interfere with the building of the temple (vv. 6-7).

The words stay away from there were a common Aramaic legal statement. This was to be in security 9 11, accord with the edict of the great King Cyrus. (2) Tax money was to States Government Has Changed, be used to help finance the project and animals were to be supplied daily so that sacrifices could be made at before the altar of the new temple along with food items for States Has Changed, the offerings (vv. 8-10). Flour (from wheat), salt, and oil were to be used in the grain offerings (Lev. 2:1-2, 7, 13), and wine for drink offerings (Lev. 23:13) on feast days. (3) Anyone who disobeyed the edict was to security 9 11, suffer a horrible fate (Ezra 6:11-12). He was to be impaled on a beam taken from his own house, and his house was to be demolished.

Execution by for essay impaling was practiced in the Assyrian and before 9 11 Persian Empires. Darius wanted no disturbance in this part of his vast kingdom. The pagan king acknowledged that God had caused His name to following is used to personify of the stars, dwell at security 9 11 Jerusalem. Darius probably thought of Yahweh as a local deity (cf. comments on 5:6-10), whereas Ezra, in for essay, recording that statement, knew of the security 9 11 covenantal significance in Yahweh's name dwelling in Jerusalem. So Tattenai's inquiry backfired. Instead of stopping the temple work, he had to let it proceed and even had to help pay for it out of his revenues! Darius' curse on anyone who would destroy the . temple was fulfilled in: (a) Antiochus . Modernist Art! Epiphanes, who desecrated it in 167 B.C., and died insane three years later; (b) Herod the Great (37-4 B.C.), who added extensively to the temple to glorify himself. and before who had domestic trouble and died of disease; and (c) the Romans, who destroyed the temple in A.D. 70, and later had their empire destroyed. 3. THE TEMPLE COMPLETED (6:13-15) 6:13-15, Tattenai, to his credit, carried. . . out the instructions of Darius, and idioms for essay did so with diligence (cf. Security 9 11! with diligence in 5:8; 6:12; 7:21, 23). The work was done by on The Year Williams the Jewish elders who were encouraged by security the preaching of the Prophets Haggai and Zechariah (cf.

5:1). Idioms For Essay! Ezra noted that the ultimate decree for the building of the temple was from God Himself. God worked through the commands of the pagan Persian kings, Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes, Workers, prophets, kings, and God were all involved. Artaxerxes had nothing to do with building the temple; apparently his name was added to round out the security 9 11 account, for of the stars, he had decreed the building of before 9 11 Jerusalem's walls (Neh. 2:1, 8). He also helped provide for sacrifices at the temple (Ezra 7:12-17). Modernist Art! Some have suggested that Artaxerxes' name may have been added by an early scribe but there is no textual evidence of that.

Actually in the Hebrew the words the temple are not in 6:14, It reads literally, They finished their building, thus speaking in general terms of the total reconstruction of Jerusalem under the decrees of the three kings, But verse 15 specifically mentions the temple. The temple was completed in 9 11, Adar (February-March) of 515--21 years alter the work started in 536, and 4.5 years after Haggai began his prophesying. This was 70.5, years alter the temple had been destroyed on August 12, 586. E. The dedication of the temple and the celebration of the Passover (6:16-22) I. THE TEMPLE DEDICATED (6:16-18) 6:16-18. After the temple was finished, it was then dedicated. Modernist Art! The comparatively small number of animals sacrificed (100 bulls, 200 rams, 400 male lambs, and 12 male goats) contrasted sharply with the tremendous amount sacrificed by Solomon at the dedication of the first temple (22,000 cattle and 120,000 sheep and goats; 1 Kings 8:63).

This points up the comparative poverty of the post-exilic community. The 12 goats for the sin offering show that the post-exilic community still envisioned a united Israel consisting of all 12 tribes even though only 2 had survived with any strength. The leaders of the sacrificial system--the priests and the Levites--were installed, , , according to 9 11, , , . the Book of Essay on The is 1692 Williams Moses, that is, according to that portion of the Law in which the legal system is described--in parts of Leviticus and Numbers (Lev. 8; Num. 3:5-10; 8:5-14). 9 11! One of the motifs of Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 and 2 Chronicles is that the post-exilic community was under the leadership 'of godly men who were steeped in the Scriptures and attempted to Year and Abigail, do everything according to the Law.

This shows that they had learned from the Exile that God's people suffer if they do not live up to their covenantal obligations. 2. THE PASSOVER CELEBRATED (6:19-22) 6:19-21. Security! Beginning with verse 19 the text is again in Hebrew (4:8-6:18 are in Aramaic). Essay On The Year Is 1692 And Abigail Williams! On the 14th day of the first month (April 515 B.C.) the Passover was celebrated, The temple had been completed in the 12th month (Adar; v. 9 11! 15) and idioms for essay fittingly, in before 9 11, the very next month, the modernist art Passover was re-inaugurated. Security Before 9 11! This was the first time in Year, 70 years that the people partook of this feast which commemorated their forefathers' release from Egyptian bondage (cf. Security Before! Ex. 12:1-14; Lev. 23:5). The Israelite returnees ate the Passover with all who had separated themselves from the unclean practices of their Gentile neighbors. This second group might have been: (a) Gentiles living in Judah (cf.

Num. 9:14), or more likely (b) Jews who had remained in the land and Essay on The is 1692 and Abigail Williams had defiled themselves by practices that went against the Law, and then repented of those sins, thereby separating themselves. 6:22. The seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread was on days 15-21 of the first month, immediately after the security 9 11 Passover (cf. Lev. 23:6-8). The reference to Darius as the king of Assyria is not an anachronism (though the Assyrian Empire had ended in 609 B.C.) for Year, the Persian Empire included what was once Assyria.

Perhaps this title was a grim reminder that Assyria's harsh tactics were now ended, She was the first to security 9 11, deport Israelites from their land; but now a contingent of Jews was settled back in their land. This eight-day celebration (the Passover, Ezra 6:19, and the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread, v. 22), 900 years after the first Passover, signaled the end of the write a scholarship essay about deserve Exile for a remnant of the nation was once again back in before 9 11, fellowship with Yahweh. Since the temple worship was restored, it was important for modernist art, people who wanted to security, be in fellowship with God and How the live according to the covenantal obligations to before, be in the place where the sacrificial system was being practiced. The people had seen firsthand that God works through history, for He had caused pagan kings to issue decrees which let them return to the land of about why you deserve promise (much as He had caused Egypt's Pharaoh to release Israel). The original readers of Ezra's book would rejoice in that fact and would be encouraged to participate fully in the temple worship, which had been reestablished at such great cost. II. The Second Return and Reform under Ezra (chaps. 7-10) These chapters describe a second return of exiles from Babylon, this time under Ezra in 458 B.C. (7:7). Here Ezra often wrote in the first person (I and we): Ezra, a priest who knew the before 9 11 Scriptures, knew the importance of having the people back where the Social Diagnosis Essay sacrificial system was being practiced. A. The return to the land (chaps, 7-8) The emphasis in these chapters is on the character of before 9 11 Ezra, which sets the scene for chapters 9 and 10 where sin is uncovered in the post-exilic community.

Ezra is write about deserve presented as a man who was strongly motivated by the Law of before God. I. THE INTRODUCTION OF EZRA (7:1-10) The events which transpire in this section of the narrative occurred during the reign of Artaxerxes who was introduced earlier in the book (4:8-23; 6:14). Of The Is Used To Personify The Image! The return occurred in before 9 11, the king's seventh year, which was 458 B.C. 7:1-5. After these things points to a gap of 57 years since the events at the end of chapter 6. The temple was completed in 515 B.C. in the reign of Darius I. Alter Darius' death in 486 his Son Xerxes ruled for 20 years (485-465). Since Xerxes was the Ahasuerus mentioned in the Book of Esther, the events of that book occurred between Ezra 6 and 7. Then Xerxes' son Artaxerxes ruled from 464 to 424. From 515 to 458 (Artaxerxes' seventh year, 7:7) was 57 years.

Ezra's lineage is traced back to Aaron, the first priest. This list is abbreviated, for it does not name every generation. Between Azariah and Meraioth (v. 3) six names appear in the genealogy in 1 Chronicles 6:7-10 (cf. comments there). Since Seraiah was the high priest when Jerusalem fell in 586 (2 Kings 25:18), Ezra may have been his great-grandson.

Because of his priestly ancestry, Ezra, like the priests, had authority to teach (cf. Lev. Modernist Art! 10:11; Ezra 7:10). 7:6. Ezra. . . was a teacher well-versed in the Law of Moses, The word teacher translates soper , a broad word that means, a recorder, scribe, secretary, or writer (e.g.. 2 Sam. Security Before 9 11! 8:17; Es. 3:12; 8:9; Ps. 45:1). The word also referred to a learned man who could read and write (e.g., Jehudi in Jer. Modernist Art! 36:23) and a learned man who could teach what he read in God's Law.

Ezra was called a teacher ( soper ) four times (Ezra 7:6, 1112,21; cf. v. 25). And he was called Ezra the before 9 11 scribe six times in Nehemiah (8:1, 4, 9, 13; 12:26, 36). How To Why You! Well versed translates mohir , which is rendered skillful in Psalm 45:1. Before! Ezra had the blessing of the pagan King Artaxerxes as well as the Social blessing of the covenant God of Israel. Before 9 11! A few years later Nehemiah had an official position before the king (Neh. 1:11), but Ezra held no such position. It is enough for a scholarship essay about why you, the author to note that he was a teacher who was well versed in the Law. That was to be his major function in life.

Because of the king's favor Ezra was promised that he could have whatever he wanted. Rather than ask for something personal. Ezra used the monarch's favor to advance the cause of God and security 9 11 His people. For the first of eight times in the Books of Ezra and Government Has Changed Essay Nehemiah, mention is made of God's hand being on Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 7:6, 9, 28; 8:18, 22, 31; Neh. 2:8, 18). 7:7-10. Not much is said here about the trip from before 9 11, Babylon to Jerusalem or the preparations for Essay, it. These few verses are a summary of the journey that is detailed in the rest of chapter 7 and in chapter 8. Returning with Ezra were groups of people corresponding to the groups in security before, Zerubbabel's return (chap.

2). The trip back to the land took exactly four months, from the first to the fifth months, from Nisan I (March-April) to Ab I (July-August). The good hand of . . . God was on Ezra because he devoted himself to of the is used to personify the image of the stars, the study and observance of the Law of the before LORD, and to teaching it. Devoted himself is literally, set his heart firmly (cf. 2 Chron. 19:3; 30:19), which gives the idea that Ezra was inwardly determined. His determination was directed toward doing three things: studying God's Law, obeying it, and teaching it to others-an inviolable order for a successful ministry! 2. THE CIRCUMSTANCES PROMPTING THE RETURN (7:11-28) 7:11-12. Artaxerxes wrote a letter (cf.

This is a copy of the letter; 4:11, 23; 5:6) to Ezra that allowed Ezra and others to return to Israel. (On Ezra as a teacher see comments on 7:6.) No reason for the decree was given. It can be surmised that Ezra had asked for permission to take a group back and that this decree was the official granting of his request. The decree was sent to modernist art, Ezra personally. 7:13-26. Artaxerxes listed certain freedoms the people were to 9 11, have as they journeyed to and lived in Israel.

He gave them permission to go to idioms for essay, Jerusalem (v. 13). He gave them silver and gold to security, take with them and he allowed them to get more in Babylon (vv. Of The Is Used To Personify Stars! 15-16, 20). He said that they could offer sacrifices on before the altar at the temple (v.

17). They were also given freedom to make their own decisions (v. 18). They could take back the utensils of which following the image of the stars worship for the temple (vv. 19-20). (Apparently not all of them had been carried back with Zerubbabel; cf. 1:7-11.) They could have whatever else they needed for the temple up to a certain limit (7:21-22). The wheat, oil, and salt were for use in the grain offerings (cf.

6:9; Lev. 2:1-2, 7, 13), and before 9 11 the wine was for drink offerings (cf. United Government! Ezra 6:9; Lev. Security Before! 12:13). As noted in the NIV margin, the amounts were enormous: 100 talents (3.5. tons) of silver, 100 cors (600 bushels) of wheat, 100 baths (600 gallons) of wine, 100 baths of olive oil, and salt without limit- The priests and Levites were not to Essay on The, be taxed (Ezra 7:24). In return for granting these privileges the king was to receive some benefits from the before 9 11 expedition. He wanted to avoid uprisings or feelings of anger against him (v.

23) and to Essay, have order in that part of his empire (vv. 25-26). Before 9 11! Ezra was responsible to administer justice to all the people of the area, that is, to all who knew the laws of his God--the Jewish people. Ezra also was to administer the judicial system by Year is 1692 handing out punishment to any who would not obey (v. 26). 7:27-28. Ezra's response to 9 11, the king's decree shows what kind of man he was. He praised the LORD for what was being done under him. Social! By calling Yahweh the God of our fathers he linked himself with the before godly line that had been concerned with proper sacrificial worship.

He also noted that God had given this idea to the king (put it into the king's heart). Ezra added that the purpose of all this was to modernist art, bring honor to security before 9 11, the house of the Social Diagnosis LORD, The privileges granted by Artaxerxes were for God's glory, not Ezra's. Ezra also said that God's good favor was shown to him in before, front of all the king's pagan advisers and officials, Good favor translates hesed , God's covenantal love for words the image of the, His people. (That Heb. word is rendered love in 3:11, in 9 11, each verse in Ps. 136, and elsewhere.) It refers to more than love; it means covenantal love, love borne out of loyalty to a Commitment. Because Ezra saw that God was working through him (the hand of the United Has Changed Essay LORD my God was on me. cf. Ezra 7:6, 9; 8:18, 22, 31), he began the 9 11 task of selecting people to make the difficult trip.

This probably was difficult and must have involved much personal contact and persuasion. But he was successful in enlisting leading men. Diagnosis Essay! . . to go with him. 3. THE LIST OF THE RETURNEES (8:-14) 8:1-14. This list consists of the major men (family heads) who returned as well as the numbers of those who accompanied them. Most of the people listed were related to the families who had returned previously under Zerubbabel (537 B.C.) 79 years earlier (chap.

2). Many of the family names in security before, 8:3c-14 are mentioned in 2:3-15. Gershom was a descendant of Phinehas, son of idioms for essay Aaron's third son Eleazar (Ex. 6:25), and Daniel was descended from Ithamar, Aaron's fourth son (Ex. 9 11! 6:23). The total number of men who returned was 1,514 including 18 heads of families and 1,496 other men. With the for essay 258 Levites assembled later (Ezra 8:15-20) the number came to before, 1,772. With women and children, the group may have totaled between 4,000 and 5,000. Even so, this group was much smaller than the near-50,000 on the first return (2:64-65).

4. THE DETAILS OF THE JOURNEY AND ARRIVAL (8:15-36) a. Levites recruited for the journey (8:15-20) 8:15. Levites were to function as teachers of the Law (cf. Social Essay! Lev. 10:11; Deut. 33:10). Therefore they were to have an extremely important role in the reestablished community. The people desperately needed to security before 9 11, understand the importance of the Law as they laced their situation as returnees from exile. The Levites would have a difficult time in the new land for they were to be involved in the disciplined ministry of temple service.

Perhaps that is why none were present when Ezra and his group were ready to depart from the canal of Ahava (cf. Ezra 8:21. Essay On The Is 1692! 31), whose location is unknown. This canal may have been a tributary of the Euphrates River. Even Zerubbabel had comparatively few Levites on his return (733 [2:40-58), less than 1.5% of the 49,897 [2:64-65]). 8:16-17.

Therefore Ezra sent 9 leaders and 2 men of before learning to secure some Levites and temple servants from the man Iddo. Ezra told the messengers what to say, which seems to indicate that this was a delicate task which needed to have some weight behind the message. The 11 messengers were sent to Casiphia, whose location is no longer known. 8:18-20. Essay Williams! The men were able to secure 38 Levites from before, two families--18 from modernist art, Sherebiah's family and 20 from Jeshaiah's relatives--as well as 220 . . . temple servants. Only then was Ezra ready to start on the important journey.

Without the Levite teachers of the Law and people to serve at the temple all would be lost and the trip futile. b. Preparations made for the journey (8:21-30) 8:21-23. First, spiritual preparation was made for the journey. Ezra was concerned with matters pertaining to God's people. So Ezra proclaimed a fast in preparation for security before, the journey.

He wanted the assembled group thereby to humble themselves before . . United States Has Changed! . God in order to ask Him for a safe journey for themselves, their children, and their possessions. Being humble before God shows one's spiritual dependence, his acknowledgment that God is in total control. Ezra did not. want to ask for military protection (soldiers and horsemen) because he had already publicly announced that God would take care of the people as they returned. In contrast, Nehemiah readily accepted a military escort on his way back to before, the land (Neh. Modernist Art! 2:9). 8:24-27. Security 9 11! Next, physical preparation was made for of the following to personify the image stars, the journey. Ezra divided the security 9 11 silver. . . gold, and articles among 24 of the key men in the group. These items were gilts for the temple, given by Persian officials and by non-returning Israelites. They included 25 tons of silver, silver articles weighing 3.75, tons, 3.75 tons of gold, 20 bowls of gold that weighed about 19 pounds, and two expensive bronze objects.

All this would be valued at many millions of dollars today. No wonder Ezra was concerned about the people's safety (v. 21). 8:28-30. How The United States Essay! Ezra charged these key men with the responsibility of getting the precious metals and before valuables back to Diagnosis Essay, Jerusalem safely. In his charge he said that these material possessions were Consecrated to the LORD and that the silver and 9 11 gold were freely given by God's people.

He emphasized the need for write a scholarship essay why you, guarding the money and articles carefully by noting that they would all be weighed on arrival to be sure none had disappeared. The priests and Levites accepted the responsibility of taking the metals and utensils to Jerusalem. c. The people journeyed and arrived (8:31-36) 8:31-34. Only a few statements were made about the journey and the arrival. The group left Babylon on the 1st day of the security before first month (7:9) and they left the Ahava Canal on the 12th of the modernist art same month. Since they were at the canal three days (8:15), the site of their canal encampment was about nine days' travel from Babylon, perhaps 100-130 miles away. Before! The total journey was about 900 miles and must have been difficult for a group without a military escort.

However, Ezra was content merely to United States Has Changed, relate that the hand of Our God was on us (cf. 7:6, 9, 28; 8:18, 22) and that the Lord granted the security returnees protection. Modernist Art! On arriving in Jerusalem, after a three-day rest, everything was turned over to the priests and Levites and weighed (vv. Security Before! 33-34). Several of these temple officials are also mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah: Meremoth (Neh. 3:4, 21), Jozabad (Neh. 11:16), and Binnui (Neh.

3:24). 8:35-36. Essay On The Year! Then the exiles offered sacrifices to God. The four kinds of animals--bulls (apparently one for each tribe of Israel), rams. lambs, and security before 9 11 goats--were the modernist art same as those offered at the temple dedication (6:17), but now the number was smaller. A copy of the king's edict was given to the surrounding officials (royal satraps and governors), who were to carry out his wishes under Ezra's leadership.

This caused the surrounding peoples to assist the Jewish post-exilic community. The section ends in an interesting climax--God's good hand was so evident on His people that even surrounding peoples helped them in 9 11, the sacrificial system, the means of fellowship with God. B. The reform in the land (chaps. 9-10) In contrast with the high point of God's blessing on the people at the end of the previous section (8:36), this section opens with a statement about the severe sin into which the people of the how to a scholarship essay deserve it post-exilic community had fallen. The reason the people were back in the land was so that they would be able to worship God according to the ways of their forefathers under the Law.

However, when the people returned to the land they still had a tendency to wander away from the words of God that had been written by Moses. I. The People's Sin Of Intermarriage Reported (9:1-4) 9:1-2. Ezra's return had a profound effect on the people of Israel. The man who was devoted to before, the accurate teaching of the Law became the focal point of a major reform. This occurred less than five months after his arrival (cf.

7:9 with 10:9). Modernist Art! The leaders came to me suggests that these were men who had previously returned to the land under Zerubbabel and had established themselves as leaders and had looked into the problem. Ezra's return may have pricked their consciences as they reflected on the Law of God. They realized that something had to be done about the situation if the nation was to enjoy fellowship with the Lord. Outward sacrifice was fine, but only if it was accompanied by an inward conformity to the Word of God (Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8). The Jewish leaders reported to Ezra that Some Israelites had been involved with their pagan neighbors' detestable practices (cf.

Ezra 9:11, 14) which meant they had married Gentiles. One of God's major prohibitions was that His people were not to marry outside the 9 11 community of believers (Ex. 34:11-16; Deut. 7:1-4). This was not because of racial difference, for the peoples of the surrounding areas were of the same Semitic race.

The reason was strictly religious. If God's people married outside Israel they would be tempted (as was Solomon; I Kings 11:3-5) to get caught up in pagan idolatrous worship. Modernist Art! Intermarrying with people who did not worship Yahweh was symptomatic of the way the before people forsook other aspects of God's Law. If they would break this aspect of the Law in the most intimate of human relationships then they would probably also break the Law in other less intimate human relationships. The peoples listed in Ezra 9:1 were many of those God had warned about centuries before (Deut. Modernist Art! 7:1), as well as the surrounding nations of security before 9 11 Ammon, Moab, and Egypt. Unfortunately some religious and civil leaders had been in the forefront of this evil practice. 9:3-4. Ezra's response was typical of the response of godly people in the Old Testament when they found out about sin. Tearing his tunic and cloak was a sign of mourning (cf.

Num. 14:6; Josh. 7:6; Es. 4:1; Job 1:20), and pulling hair from his head and beard was a sign of unusual grief or of intense anger (Isa. 22:12). He was appalled because of the people's sin (Ezra 9:3; cf. v. 4). Williams! Ezra knew that it was for just this sort of sin that his nation had gone into captivity (cf. v. 7).

Perhaps he was afraid they would go into captivity again (cf. v. 8). 2. EZRA'S PRAYER TO GOD (9:5-15) Ezra's prayer reveals much about him. He identified with the before nation in their sin even though he himself was innocent of the offense (cf. Of The Following Is Used To Personify Of The! Dan. 9 11! 9:5-6, 8-11, 13, 15-16). Ezra understood that the which of the nation stood together under the covenant and that this breach of responsibility, especially since it had been led by leaders of the nation, could jeopardize the security before entire nation before God. 9:5. Write A Scholarship Deserve It! The evening sacrifice was around 3 P.M. Ezra's physical position (on his knees with his hands spread out to the LORD) showed that he was throwing himself on the mercy of God.

Ezra knew that the nation was guilty (vv. 6-7; cf. vv. 13, 15) so he assumed a position of begging before the Lord. There was no excuse for the people's actions. Ezra's prayer was made at the temple with weeping (10:1). 9:6-7. Ezra confessed the continuing problem of sin among the security 9 11 people of the nation. For Essay! He reacted to the sin with embarrassment, using terms such as ashamed and disgraced.

He felt embarrassed because it was for guilt like this that the nation had gone into captivity in the first place at the hand of foreign kings (viz., Sargon II and before 9 11 Nebuchadnezzar). The Captivity was to be a method of purifying the people and reestablishing a close relationship between them and God. Apparently the Exile had not accomplished its purpose because of the people's tendency to stray from their covenantal obligations. Like a flood their sins, Ezra said, had engulfed them for their sins were higher than their heads. 9:8-9. Ezra acknowledged the grace of God in allowing the people to return to which of the words is used of the stars, the land. He reminded God and security himself that it was the Lord's graciousness that allowed the kings of Persia to grant the Jews freedom to return to the land of idioms promise to rebuild the temple. But now they were back in bondage--bondage to sin. 9:10-12. Ezra then confessed the men's present sin of intermarriage.

Ezra asked, What can we say after this? By this question he was acknowledging that the nation had no excuse before God (cf. v. 6). No explanation was given for the leaders' disobedience. They had broken God's commands to remain pure before Him, and to separate from the corruption and detestable practices (cf. vv. 1, 14) in the land. They had directly disobeyed the clear Word of God.

Foreign marriages contaminated Israel, fostered the foreigners' prosperity, weakened Israel spiritually, and decreased her opportunity to enjoy the land's crops. 9:13-14. The conclusion Ezra reached was that God would be totally just in destroying them in His anger so that no remnant would be left (el. remnant' in vv. 8, 13, 15). Security Before 9 11! They deserved even greater punishment than God was giving them (cf. v. 6). In a nutshell, Ezra was describing the position of all mankind before God. As people disobey the Word of God they stand under His wrath in their guilt (cf. guilt in vv. 6-7, 13, 15; cf. John 16:8; James 2:10). 9:15.

Ezra's prayer included no specific request; he simply threw himself on God's mercy. By this he concluded his prayer in following words to personify of the stars, the same way he began. He acknowledged that no one in 9 11, the entire community was worthy to stand before the righteous God. In his prayer Ezra affirmed several attributes of God: grace (v. 8), kindness (v. 9), anger (v. For Essay! 14), and righteousness (v. Security 9 11! 15). Ezra was asking God to be merciful on the basis of His loyal love for the nation. 3. THE PEOPLE'S CONFESSION OF SIN (CHAP.

10) As already noted, the leaders were sensitive to modernist art, the fact that there was a problem (9:1-2). Now other concerned Israelites joined Ezra in security before 9 11, his grief. a. Essay Why You Deserve It! The people acknowledged their sin (10:1-4) 10:1-4. Many people acknowledged that something had to be done about the situation. Apparently this sin had gone on and had been tolerated for security before 9 11, some time. Children were born to some of those who had intermarried (vv. 3, 44).

No doubt some devout Jews were grieved because of this sin in the community. Perhaps they were afraid to modernist art, speak up or had tried and were rebuffed. In any case, now that some of the leaders were joining Ezra in bemoaning the sin, these righteous people joined in security, the mourning and began to demand that something be done. A large crowd of Israelites gathered with Ezra and modernist art wept bitterly. One man, Shecaniah, spoke for security, all the people who were weeping. He acknowledged the unfaithfulness of the nation but he felt that there was still hope for Israel. He suggested that the people covenant before. . . God to divorce the foreign women and send them away along with the children they had borne. This was to be done according to modernist art, the Law. Shecaniah promised Ezra that the people would stand behind him in such a decision. Shecaniah was calling on the nation to do something distasteful and difficult, something that could cause bitter division between family members and friends.

However, he appealed on the basis of the Law of God which was supposed to be the people's rule of life. The Law also was a safeguard for this situation, for an Israelite could marry a woman from outside the before nation if she had become Jewish in faith. For Essay! Perhaps that is why each marriage was investigated thoroughly (vv. 16-19)--to see if any women had become Jewish proselytes. Though divorce was not the norm, it may have been preferable in this situation because the mixed marriages, if continued, would lead the nation away from true worship of Yahweh. Eventually they would destroy the nation. On the other hand some Bible students believe this plan was not in accord with God's desires (cf. Mal.

2:16). Security 9 11! Do two wrongs make one right? Perhaps Ezra wrongly followed Shecaniah's advice in on The and Abigail, requiring these divorces. However, no specific support for this view is indicated in Ezra 10. b. The people took an oath (10:5-8) 10:5-8. The people's sincerity in their confession and repentance was shown by security 9 11 the fact that they took an oath before God.

Taking an oath was not a light matter; it bound the oath-taker to do what he had promised. If he did not, he would be punished. Ezra withdrew to write why you it, fast and mourn by himself. Jehohanan was the same as Johanan (Neh. 12:23). He was the grandson of Eliashab (Neh. 12:10-11), who was the high priest (Neh.

13:28). Hence, son of security before Eliashab (Ezra 10:6) means grandson of Eliashab (son in Heb. often means a grandson or even a later descendant). A proclamation was sent out to all the exiles to assemble in How the States Government, Jerusalem. Anyone who did not come would lose his property and would be expelled from the assembly of the exiles. In effect such a person would no longer have any legal rights. Ezra had this authority to send out a proclamation with threat of punishment, because of the security 9 11 edict of the king (cf.

7:26). c. Of The The Image Of The! The people gathered at the temple (10:9-15) 10:9-11. The square to the east of the temple could accommodate thousands of security before people. How To Essay About Why You! The temple area was always the center of action in the Book of Ezra. On the appointed day (three days after the before 9 11 proclamation, in November-December 457) as the people were gathering, a rainstorm was in progress. This was the rainy season (v. 13). However, because of the oath (v.

5) and because of the threat of punishment the meeting went on as scheduled. Social Diagnosis Essay! The people were distressed out of fear of God's wrath and over concern about their families being separated. As Ezra addressed the group, he cited their sin of unfaithfulness, pronounced their guilt, and challenged them to acknowledge their sin and do something about it by becoming separate from their foreign wives. 10:12-15. The people responded that they agreed, but that the matter would take some time because of the large number of people involved and security before because of the rain. (In fact, it took three months, vv. 16-17.) Someone suggested that each man who had married a foreign woman should make an appointment with the elders and judges of his hometown so that the matter could be settled locally. This was a good suggestion because the elders and How the States Essay judges of each town would know the individuals involved. They would know whether the women involved were worshipers of the security Lord or were still involved in pagan worship.

Four leaders opposed the plan, though it is not clear why. Perhaps they wanted to take care of the matter right away; or perhaps they did not want to take care of it at all. Year Is 1692 And Abigail! At least one of them, Meshullam, was guilty (v. 29). d. The marriages examined (10:16-17) 10:16-17. Security 9 11! In just 11 days the examining' began (cf. vv. Idioms For Essay! 9, 16).

It took three . . months for all the marriages to be examined, from the first day of the security before 10th month (December-January 457) to modernist art, the first day of the 1st month of the next year (March-April 456). Obviously the problem was widespread and security before 9 11 could not be settled in a day (v. 13). Each case was judged individually so that justice would be done. By this action the idioms community was not saying that divorce was good. It was a matter of following God's Law about the need for religious purity in the nation (Ex. 34:11-16; Deut. 7:1-4). Ezra wrote nothing about what happened to these foreign women or their children. Presumably they returned to security, their pagan countries.

e. The offenders listed (10:18-44) 10:18-44. Ezra concluded his account by listing the offenders in the foreign marriages. Involved in Social Diagnosis Essay, this serious sin were 17 priests (vv. 18-22) and 10 Levites including a singer and 3 gatekeepers (vv. 23-24), and 84 others from around the nation (vv. Security Before 9 11! 25-43). As the leaders had said (9:1), some priests and Levites were guilty. The guilty priests each offered a ram. . . How To Write Essay About Why You It! as a guilt offering in accord with Leviticus 5:14-15. The family names in Ezra 10:25-43 correspond closely to those in 2:3-20.

Some of these had children by these marriages (10:44). This was a grievous separation from before, God's covenant. Unfortunately the people would again slip into the same kind of sin only modernist art one generation later (Neh. 13:23-28). The narrative ends abruptly at this point. The message of the book is complete.

In order for the people to be back in fellowship with the Lord it was absolutely necessary for them to security 9 11, have proper temple worship (Ezra 1-6) and to live according to God's Word (chaps. 7-10). ( Bible Knowledge Commentary , Walvoord and Zuck)